The charts that matter: are we there yet?

Markets rallied in a week when the world's central banks unleashed a torrent of newly-printed money. John Stepek looks at what's happened to the charts that matter most to the global economy.

Welcome back.

It’s been another historic week (just for a change). The Federal Reserve – America’s central bank – started the week by promising that it would buy just about anything from anyone, then on Thursday, the European Central Bank said it would also buy anything, up to and including Italian government debt, in order to prop up the eurozone.

The US government also passed a $2trn stimulus that involves, among other things, sending money direct to households; while in the UK, chancellor Rishi Sunak extended protection for employees to the self employed.

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It’s probably a good thing they’re pulling out the stops because, more grimly, US weekly jobless claims saw a shocking rise to more than three million – compared to less than 300,000 the week before. That’s never been seen before. And unemployment figures across the globe will only get worse in the weeks ahead.

Nevertheless, markets have rallied strongly this week. Have we seen the bottom? Your guess is as good as mine (because that’s all anyone is doing when they try to time the market). But I’ll share it with you anyway.

I suspect we haven’t. I suspect that another reality check lies ahead for markets and that they’ve now grown too confident in the “V-shaped” recovery scenario. I suspect that we will retest the most recent lows at some point in the next few months, and at that point, we might even go lower.

Obviously a lot of that depends on how government and central bank assistance flows through the market but as things stand, I feel it’s more likely than not that there’s another panic to come. I might be wrong but that’s my gut feeling for now.

At the same time, investing isn’t about picking the bottom of the market – it’s about finding value. So I also suspect that anyone who bought decent quality stocks at panic prices last week won’t regret it in the long run, even if prices do get back down there in the near term. You can learn more about our view in MoneyWeek magazine – subscribe now and get your first six issues free if you haven’t already.

Anyway, so packed has been the news cycle that Merryn and I recorded a podcast for the third week running – this is also unprecedented, I believe. We weren’t as cheerful as usual (!) but we did talk a lot about box schemes and turnips. Not only that, but Merryn then went and recorded an extra podcast with Charles Heenan of Kennox. If you like gold, you’ll like this podcast.

And here are the links for this week’s editions of Money Morning plus other stories you might have missed on the website this week.

The charts that matter

Gold (measured in dollar terms) rocketed this week. How could it not, you might think, with all these central banks declaring their intentions to print as much money as they need to in order to save the world, and governments doing the same? That’s a fair point and it’s also one reason we hold gold.

Equally, the US dollar weakened this week (which often, though not always, helps gold), while the immediate dash for liquidity – which saw gold sell off during the most panicky days – has passed for the time being. Be prepared to see more of that though as the knock-on effects of the shutdown start to pass through the economic figures. There will inevitably be some bankruptcies and an awful lot of delayed payments and that could cause a lot of messiness despite the Fed’s best efforts.

(Gold: three months)

The US dollar index – a measure of the strength of the dollar against a basket of the currencies of its major trading partners – finally hit a ceiling (for now). The Fed’s efforts to convince markets that it is both willing and able to do “whatever it takes” helped to stop the desperate rush to safety. Indeed, if the Fed feels pleased about anything this week, it’ll be the sudden end to the US dollar’s surge.

Keep a close eye on this. A strong dollar is a real problem for the global economy at this point, as it represents a “risk-off”, tighter money environment that the world’s markets and economies can’t currently cope with.

(DXY: three months)

The Chinese yuan (or renminbi) is still above the $1/¥7 mark that gets markets nervous, but the line was moving in the right direction (ie, lower) as the week began to draw to a close.

(Chinese yuan to the US dollar: since 25 Jun 2019)

The yield on the ten-year US government bond fell again. This is despite the Fed’s money-printing intentions. It’s all a little complicated but the big sell-off of the previous week was driven by a rush for liquidity (people needing money fast to offset losses elsewhere).

For now, investors still want to own Treasuries and are, of course, worried by how much damage might be done to the economy in the near-term. The crash is deflationary, no doubt about it (which makes Treasury bonds with their fixed income payment appealing).

It’s the longer-term measures taken to hasten the recovery that might make Treasuries (and other government bonds) a lot less appealing at some point down the line.

(Ten-year US Treasury yield: three months)

The yield on the Japanese ten-year also slipped back, although they remained in slightly positive territory.

(Ten-year Japanese government bond yield: three months)

And the yield on the ten-year German bund slipped further back into negative territory although it remained well above the panic lows.

(Ten-year Bund yield: three months)

Copper is worth watching. It is hardly rocketing higher but it isn’t falling further. From a technical point of view (ie, from looking purely at the chart) this is quite an important level. Below you can see why.

I’ve extended the chart out to 2015 for a better view. You can see that by the start of 2016, copper (and most other commodities) had hit rock bottom, partly because of fears over the Chinese economy. It came back from there to peak in mid-2018.

Now it has fallen back down to the 2016 lows and bounced off them. Chartists would argue that as long as it holds above the 2016 low, there’s hope that we’re near the bottom for markets. If it breaks down through that level – well, look out below.

(Copper: five years and three months)

The Aussie dollar bounced a bit this week as the pressure from the US dollar eased.

(Aussie dollar vs US dollar exchange rate: three months)

Cryptocurrency bitcoin didn’t do anything out of the ordinary – a gain of about 40% in ten days is pretty much standard practice for the digital currency.

(Bitcoin: ten days)

This is clearly the most terrifying chart of the week, no question about it. US weekly jobless claims rocketed higher to 3.3 million from just 281,000 last week. That was a record, and much worse than expected – Goldman Sachs thought it would be just above two million. The four-week moving average now sits at an extraordinary 998,250 – that’s the vertical line at the end of the chart below.

If there was any doubt that we’re facing a recession, well – I mean, forget it. The hope now is that efforts by the government can make this line fall fast. But it’s going to be up there for a few weeks to come at the very least.

(US jobless claims, four-week moving average: since January 2016)

The oil price (as measured by Brent crude, the international/European benchmark) is another worrying chart. Low oil prices are good for consumers but they don’t help in and of themselves when the reason prices are low is because people can’t drive (you’re saving the money anyway!). So the reason low prices aren’t good from a financial outlook point of view is that a) they show that the economy has taken a hard knock and that there’s a long way to go; and b) there’s the risk that at this price, lots of US shale producers must go bust, and a lot of their debt therefore becomes worthless, which may have a knock-on effect in corporate bond markets.

(Brent crude oil: three months)

Amazon rallied – it’s the stock where buying on the dips won’t get you fired. And it’s also one that should logically benefit from today’s lockdowns. If online retail gets a whole load of new, forced converts to internet shopping then Amazon is going to become even more dominant in the market.

(Amazon: three months)

Electric car group Tesla remains resilient. Somehow.

(Tesla: three months)

Have a good weekend.


John Stepek

John is the executive editor of MoneyWeek and writes our daily investment email, Money Morning. John graduated from Strathclyde University with a degree in psychology in 1996 and has always been fascinated by the gap between the way the market works in theory and the way it works in practice, and by how our deep-rooted instincts work against our best interests as investors.

He started out in journalism by writing articles about the specific business challenges facing family firms. In 2003, he took a job on the finance desk of Teletext, where he spent two years covering the markets and breaking financial news. John joined MoneyWeek in 2005.

His work has been published in Families in Business, Shares magazine, Spear's Magazine, The Sunday Times, and The Spectator among others. He has also appeared as an expert commentator on BBC Radio 4's Today programme, BBC Radio Scotland, Newsnight, Daily Politics and Bloomberg. His first book, on contrarian investing, The Sceptical Investor, was released in March 2019. You can follow John on Twitter at @john_stepek.