Is abrdn’s eye-catching 9.2% dividend yield sustainable?

Shares in investment manager abrdn currently yield 9.2%. Generally speaking, says Rupert Hargreaves, it pays to be sceptical of very high dividend yields. So is that the case here, or is abrdn one for income investors to tuck away?

Abrdn office in Edinburgh
Abrdn has been focusing on growing its wealth management business
(Image credit: © Iain Masterton / Alamy)

Abrdn plc (LSE: ABDN) currently offers one of the highest dividend yields in the FTSE 100. The company, formerly known as Standard Life Aberdeen plc, yields 8.4% based on Refinitiv analyst estimates.

It pays to be sceptical of high dividend yields and in this case, there’s clear evidence that this might not be sustainable. The company’s dividend cover – the ratio of earnings per share divided by the dividend payout – stands at 0.7 on a forward basis suggesting the firm is paying out more than it can afford – a clear red flag for income investors.

That said, dividend cover is a simplistic metric and it’s generally not wise to put too much weight on any one figure.

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So before we get into whether or not the company’s dividend is sustainable, let’s take a step back and look at where revenue comes from.

Abrdn has been struggling to grow in a competitive market

Abrdn’s business is, to quote the awful corporat-ese, “structured around three vectors”. These are “investment solutions”, “adviser solutions” and “personal wealth services”.

Since selling its life assurance, pensions and long-term savings arm in 2018, abrdn has been focusing on growing its wealth management businesses, which tend to have higher profit margins, fewer regulatory constraints and reduced capital requirements.

Trouble is, wealth management is a highly competitive industry with many giant asset managers around the world all fighting for market share. The London-listed company is up against the likes of American giant Blackrock (NYSE: BLK) and FTSE 100 peer Schroders (LSE: SDR). Both of these firm’s have a wider global reach and a bigger pool of client assets.

Despite management’s best attempts, abrdn is really struggling to grab market share. AUMA (assets under management and administration) fell to £508bn the first half of 2022, compared with £542bn last year - that’s even after including assets from the group’s recent acquisition of trading platform Interactive Investor (ii).

The drop was driven largely by the final stage of the withdrawal of Lloyds Bank’s (LSE: LLOY) vast Scottish Widows portfolio. The bank announced that it was pulling this mandate from abrdn in 2018, three years earlier than contracted, due to conflicts of interest. After a lengthy legal spat, abrdn was allowed to continue managing £35bn of the £109bn Scottish Widows portfolio with the rest being split between BlackRock and Schroders.

Even after stripping out this large outflow, AUMA still dropped overall.

The dividend may be more affordable than it looks at first glance

Earlier in this article I mentioned that abrdn’s earnings per share are not enough to cover its dividends, and that’s true – but not on management’s preferred measure of profit.

The firm’s annual report notes that in 2021 adjusted operating profit totalled £323m (fee income minus expenses) generating adjusted earnings per share of 13.7p against a dividend payout of 14.6p.

However, adjusted capital generation, which shows how adjusted profit contributes to regulatory capital, totalled £366m for the year. On this basis, the dividend payout is covered 1.2 times. Management sets the dividend based on this figure, not the adjusted operating profit number outlined above.

If this all seems a little complicated, you’re right – it is. There are lots of moving parts here and to add to the confusion, abrdn also reports its IFRS profit before tax measure, which includes items such as restructuring costs and profit on disposal of interests.

On this metric, the company earned £1.1bn in 2021 mainly thanks to investment gains on the group’s share of Indian life insurance group HDFC Asset Management and interest in Phoenix (received as part of the sale in 2018). However, this figure is highly volatile. For the first half of 2022, the group’s IFRS loss before tax amounted to £320m. This reflected losses on abrdn’s listed investments (undoing a chunk of the IFRS profits earned last year).

Market conditions are also having another impact on the group’s bottom line. As part of its shift towards wealth management, the company has become increasingly reliant on trading and management fee income generated on investors’ assets. As volatility has increased, investors have pulled back, leading to reduced fee income (and the value of their portfolios has declined hitting management fee income). As a result of this double headwind, group fee based revenue slumped 8% during the first half of 2022.

This soup of numbers might not mean much to all readers, but what it shows is that while abdrn might be making enough money to cover its dividend today, there’s no guarantee this will continue.

No immediate threat, but it’s hard to tell what happens in the long term

Overall, I don’t think abrdn’s dividend is really under threat today. The company is generating enough capital to cover the distribution (including asset sales and regulatory capital adjustments) and that’s what matters in the short term.

It’s the longer term I’m concerned about. Abrdn needs to attract new investors to grow AUMA and fees. It’s not clear it will be able to do that in the highly competitive wealth and fund management industry. It may even have to cut fees charged to clients to remain competitive.

Analysts appear to agree. Since the beginning of this year the average Refinitiv analyst estimate for 2022 earnings has been revised lower by 30%. With that being the case it’s not really surprising that the stock has fallen 29% over the past six months.

The big question is, if abrdn can’t grow earnings, how will it be able to grow its dividend in the long-run? That’s a question I can’t answer. As such, while I don’t think abrdn’s dividend is at risk of being cut today, I wouldn’t want to add the shares to my portfolio. I think there are other companies out there with better growth prospects and more attractive valuations.

After all, there’s more to investing than dividends. Capital growth is also a key component of the equation.


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Rupert Hargreaves

Rupert was the former Deputy Digital Editor of MoneyWeek. He's an active investor and has always been fascinated by the world of business and investing. 

His style has been heavily influenced by US investors Warren Buffett and Philip Carret. He is always looking for high-quality growth opportunities trading at a reasonable price, preferring cash generative businesses with strong balance sheets over blue-sky growth stocks. 

Rupert has freelanced as a financial journalist for 10 years, writing for several UK and international publications aimed at a range of readers, from the first timer to experienced high net wealth individuals and fund managers. During this time he had developed a deep understanding of the financial markets and the factors that influence them. 

He has written for the Motley Fool, Gurufocus and ValueWalk among others. Rupert has also founded and managed several businesses, including New York-based hedge fund newsletter, Hidden Value Stocks, written over 20 ebooks and appeared as an expert commentator on the BBC World Service. 

He has achieved the CFA UK Certificate in Investment Management, Chartered Institute for Securities & Investment Investment Advice Diploma and Chartered Institute for Securities & Investment Private Client Investment Advice & Management (PCIAM) qualification.