Argentex: opportunities for investors after temporary setback

Currency-exchange specialist Argentex has missed expectations, but growth should resume next year, says Bruce Packard.

Currency in a vending machine
Large companies need a more bespoke service than this
(Image credit: © Getty Images)

When a company floats on the stock exchange, the buoyancy of the share price represents a tension. Management wants to set a high price for the shares existing shareholders are selling, but that high price is anchored on future expectations. But the higher the expectations, the higher the risk of disappointment following the listing.

Currency trader Argentex (LSE: AGFX) was founded in 2011 and listed on Aim in June 2019 at 106p, valuing the company at a market capitalisation of £120m. It raised £12.5m in new capital in the initial public offering (IPO), while existing shareholders sold £46m of stock. At the beginning of 2020, the shares peaked at over 200p.

Then came the pandemic, then the departure of a co-CEO who sold his 10% shareholding, followed by earnings downgrades (see below). Investors are disappointed and the shares have tumbled 63% from their January 2020 high. That could now present an opportunity.

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Beating the banks

Argentex acts as a “riskless principal”, so does not charge commission for executing trades. Instead, revenue comes from the spread it receives from each deal. That spread is not fixed – pricing depends on the client’s individual trading history and the dealer’s discretion. All the trades are over the counter (OTC) rather than centrally cleared. This might be open to abuse, with traders charging what they think they can get away with, but Argentex says that it wins clients from banks due to superior pricing and service.

Argentex’s customers are companies who need to convert between £1m and £500m annually into another currency. Its largest sector is financial services (ie, fund managers, pension funds and insurance companies) at 37% of revenue. It has signed up 239 clients in the last year to bring the total number of companies for whom it trades to 1,624. Given the bureaucratic nature of know your customer (KYC) and anti-money laundering (AML) forms, it’s unlikely that clients would go to the trouble of switching if the savings were not worth the effort.

Investing in growth

On the other side of the trade are large global banks, who price the trades keenly in return for Argentex meeting minimum trading levels. These counterparties require collateral to be posted in order to deal in forward contracts. That has been a constraint on growth in the past, and some of the £12.5m raised from the IPO in 2019 was supposed to fund growth, by allowing Argentex to increase the total volume of forwards trades with existing clients and win new ones.

The second use of proceeds was to hire a larger sales team. The plan at the IPO was to more than double sales headcount to 50 people within two years. Based on the numbers just reported, it has fallen short, which probably explains the earnings per share (EPS) disappointment. The firm hired 22 new people in sales in the two years following the IPO, but it looks like it wasn’t able to retain all of them. Headcount in sales is less than 40 people in the results to March. That’s important because management says that the longest-serving salespeople are the most productive. In the first year, a salesperson generates on average £42,000 revenue, later growing to £1.8m in year five. There is a large jump from £0.5m in the third year to £1.1m in year four.

This looks like a fixable problem, though it will take time. The firm is expanding internationally by opening offices in the Netherlands and Australia. And while Argentex started out with a similar model to a private bank – with a high-touch bespoke service – it is now also building an online trading platform for lower-value transactions. I own the shares, and despite the recent disappointment, they look like they offer good growth prospects at a reasonable price.

Tripped up by ambitious forecasts

Argentex share price chart

In the two years before the IPO, Argentex’s sales and operating profit roughly doubled to £22m and £9m respectively and forecasts were for rapid growth. Management felt comfortable with ambitious forecasts by Numis (its former corporate broker) of 12p in earnings per share (EPS) for the financial year to March 2022, which implied a 15% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) in the bottom line.

But results did not meet expectations. Argentex has just reported adjusted EPS of 7p for the year ending March 2022, which is 42% below the original forecast.

Management has taken the unusual step of changing the firm’s year end from March to December, as well as changing the broker to Singer Capital Markets. Singer expects £47m of revenue in the year to December 2023, rising to £57m the following year, implying 18% growth CAGR from the level just reported. EPS is expected to drop this year, but recover to 6.4p in 2023 and 10.1p in 2024. At a share price of 75p, that puts the shares on a forward price/earnings (p/e) ratio of 11.7 for 2023, dropping to 7.4 for 2024. It’s worth noting that 2024 forecast is still 20% below the original forecast of 12p in 2022.

There are a couple of risks. Competition is one. Wise and Revolut could decide to target the corporate sector. Equals Money, a more directly comparable competitor, just reported that it is growing revenue at 84% in the first half of this year. Given the strong growth at competitors it is rather puzzling that Argentex rates itself above its peers for both price and service. A second risk is client concentration: the top 20 clients on average generate £621,000 of revenue, versus the long tail of customers who generate £14,000 on average. If one of those large clients failed to settle a forward contract, Argentex would be exposed to losses, as there is no centralised clearing.

Bruce Packard

Bruce is a self-invested, low-frequency, buy-and-hold investor focused on quality. A former equity analyst, specialising in UK banks, Bruce now writes for MoneyWeek and Sharepad. He also does his own investing, and enjoy beach volleyball in my spare time. Bruce co-hosts the Investors' Roundtable Podcast with Roland Head, Mark Simpson and Maynard Paton.