The house price boom of 2020 shows signs of slowing in 2021

Last year’s big rises in UK house prices looks to be running out of steam, reports Nicole Garcia Merida – 2021 could see a very different picture.

One big surprise of 2020 was that house prices in the UK (and most other parts of the world) surged higher during the year, despite the pandemic. Yet, as 2021 begins, with at least some hope of an end to the pandemic and its associated disruption, it seems that the housing market is slowing somewhat.

According to Halifax’s House Price Index, the average property price slipped by 0.3% from December to January, the biggest monthly fall since April last year. Prices are still around £13,000 higher than they were a year ago, and industry figures for agreed sales are still well above pre-pandemic levels, but “there are some early signs that the upturn in the housing market could be running out of steam”, says Russell Galley, managing director at Halifax. ”New instructions to sell have decreased noticeably, and total stock held by estate agents has risen to its highest level since before the EU referendum in 2016”.

UK house price indices chart

UK house price indices chart

The new lockdown probably won’t have helped, but the signs of a slowdown might be based on something rather more specific – it’s an inevitable consequence of an earlier rush to buy during the stamp duty holiday introduced by chancellor Rishi Sunak last year, which ends in six weeks.

While that end-of-March deadline might still feel far away, in house purchase terms it’s already too late – the purchase process usually takes around four months. So in effect, if you haven’t already started the process, you’re likely to have to pay stamp duty at normal rates.

As a result, new buyer enquiries dropped in January, and agreed sales also fell for the first time since May. Surveyors broadly expect house prices to fall over the next three months for the first time since June. In all, house prices could fall by around 2% over the course of 2021, “provided government policies do not change”, says Samuel Tombs at Pantheon Macroeconomics.

That’s not just down to the end of the stamp duty holiday. Another factor driving last year’s surge was that many people had sought new properties away from cities and with more space, as everyone has been spending more time at or around their homes. The number of mortgages approved for 2020 surpassed that of 2019, even though the economy was around 10% smaller and unemployment was rising.

Yet this extra demand to move to a bigger home or away from cities is likely to subside as the vaccine becomes more widely available and restrictions are lifted. People may not return in droves to the cities (although collapsing rents might tempt more to stay than might otherwise be the case), but nor will the great move to the suburbs continue apace.

The chancellor does have an opportunity to “shore up the market”, notes Tombs, in next month’s budget, perhaps by extending the stamp duty holiday or by setting up a new mortgage guarantee scheme “as mooted in the Conservatives’ 2019 manifesto. But like previous chancellors, we think Mr. Sunak will prefer to wait to pump up the housing market closer to the next election in 2024.”

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