Share prices look pretty expensive at the moment

Last week a fund manager told me that he was struggling to find anything to buy. There are plenty of companies out there that he likes, but the share prices are too high. Nothing looks cheap.

I think my fund manager friend is right – shares do seem expensive. The FTSE 100 isn’t far off its all-time high, and the mid-cap FTSE 250 is on a price/earnings ratio of almost 20! It’s hard to find anything I really want to buy.

But that doesn’t mean I’m going to sell all my shares in a mad rush this week. I’m in this game for the long term.

Why I’m not selling

The main reason I’m not selling is that I’m a long-term investor. I’m investing to fund my retirement in 20 years’ time, so what happens to my portfolio over the next couple of years doesn’t matter hugely. All the matters is what my portfolio is worth in the 2030s and later.

Sure, I could try and be clever and sell out now to buy back in later at what I hope will be a lower price. But you see, I’ve learned from experience that timing the market is really hard, if not impossible. One occasion I tried it was in 2011 when I decided that Apple (Nasdaq: AAPL) had become overvalued. I sold, and then saw the share price continue to rise. Eventually I bought back in at a much higher price.

Another reason not to sell is that my fund manager friend and I may be wrong. Perhaps markets aren’t as overvalued as we think.  And heck, even if markets are overvalued, that doesn’t mean that share prices can’t continue to rise from here. Markets have a well-documented tendency to ‘overshoot’ in the good times, as well as ‘undershoot’ in the bad times.

What’s more, selling at the right time is only half the battle, you’ve also got to be brave enough to buy near the bottom when everyone is panicking.

Then there’s the danger that you could miss the market’s ‘best days’. Last year,Terry Smith, the manager of the highly successful Fundsmith fund, cited the performance of the US S&P 500 index between 1994 and 2004 to support this argument.

If you had stayed invested in the S&P over that ten-year period, you’d have received a return of 12.07% a year, which isn’t too shabby. You could have turned $10,000 into $31,260 by 2004. But if you missed the ten days during that decade when share prices rose the most, you’d only have received a return of 6.89% a year, leaving you with $19,476 at the end.

Markets can go sideways

It’s also worth noting that markets don’t always tumble when they’re overvalued. They can easily bob around for a while, moving up and down within a range and effectively going sideways.

Let’s say that the FTSE 100 stays within a range of 6,500 to 7,000 over the next two years – a plausible scenario. If that happens, you might think there’s no great need to be invested in the stock market over that period. But you’d be wrong, because you’d be missing out on a nice dividend income.

Even at its current high level, the FTSE 100 is paying a 3.3% dividend yield, well ahead of gilts or a savings account. And, of course, even if share prices in the FTSE don’t rise in the near future, you can be still be fairly confident that the overall dividend payout will continue to go up. Dividends comprise a large chunk of long-term stock market returns, so why not just stay invested and keep the dividends?

So what should investors do?

I hope I’ve made a good case for not selling all your shares in a hurry. (That’s unless you think you might need the money for other purposes within the next five years.)

But I also understand that you won’t want to completely miss out on any bargains if markets do fall significantly at some point in the next couple of years. So you might consider going for a ‘drip feed’ strategy where you invest a modest sum in the stock market every month for the next couple of years. If you follow that approach, you’ll at least be able to buy some shares at cheap prices if we do enter a bear market.

It might also make sense to focus on shares that pay decent dividend yields. That’s the approach my colleague, Stephen Bland, follows in his Dividend Letter newsletter. Stephen really isn’t that bothered about what happens to share prices, he just focuses on the dividends that continue to pay out year-after-year. You can find out more about his strategy here.

As for me, I’ve been drip-feeding money into the markets for some time now and I’m going to continue doing that. And I’m not going to sell down my portfolio.

Markets may look pricey but long-term investors should continue to hold.

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  • kcod

    Dear Sir,

    it is with a sinking heart that I find myself obliged to point out that the FTSE 100 is about 33% DOWN on its “all time high” in inflation-adjusted terms (which are the only terms that objectively count for anything).

    Of course, psychologically, for the ignorant, the nominal figure may count as the more important but, considering your audience, I am surprised that you should count them as the ignorant.

    As an aside, the previous peak was due to such outrageous irrational exuberance that is quite unlikely that we will see the value in inflation-adjusted terms for quite a while – say 13 years for an “average case” of irrational exuberance on top of a nominal long-term real growth of 2.36% pa.

    Oh so disappointed,


  • Impromptu

    Mostly agreed.
    However, my preferred tactic for the moment is to build up the cash reserve while waiting for opportunities, rather than drip-feeding in.
    I’ve nothing against cost averaging in principle, but it makes sense to skip the odd period if you really are scratching your head over value. One of the great advantages individuals have over fund managers is that we have the option to do nothing if we think nothing is the right thing to do.

  • Ed Bowsher


    Yes, I realise that the Footsie is a nominal index. So yes, I probably shouldn’t have mentioned the fact that it’s near its nominal high from so long ago. It would have been better just to highlight its strong performance over the last 2 years, well ahead of inflation.

    But the main point of the early part of the article isn’t affected. One fund manager thinks the market is over-valued and the 250 looks very expensive on a p/e basis. So that then raises the question of whether we now should sell.



  • 200sma

    Ed, I normally agree with most of what you say regarding investing, apart from Buy and Hold. You see, if you had sold RBS at £6 odd and bought back at 10p odd you’d have been able to retire NOW, not in twenty years time.
    The 200 period simple moving average would have helped you do so.