Our shrinking houses

How small is your house? My guess is you think it is too small. You probably also think it is very small relative to the houses people in other countries live in. If it’s a new-build, you’re probably right.

As Matthew Lynn notes, strict planning laws combined with some other factors (the difficulty developers have in financing infrastructure, for example) mean our new houses are among the smallest in the world, at an average of 76 sq m (818 sq ft). In Ireland, it’s 88 sq m. Go to Spain, and it’s 97 sq m. Cross to Denmark and you’ll get an airy 137 sq m.

At first glance you will see another manifestation of the UK’s great housing crisis. But it is more complicated than that. The size of households in the UK is falling fast. In 1961, an average of 3.1 people lived in every UK house. By last year, with 29% of houses occupied by singletons and 28% by child-free couples, that had fallen to just 2.3 people.

What’s more, the average UK house is clearly bigger than the average new-build. If you use the number Matthew gives for this – 95.7 sq m – things suddenly don’t look so bad: everyone’s got 41.6 sq m of space each.

Still, what we need are numbers we can compare across countries to see just how badly off we are. The best I can find come from the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) and aren’t particularly up to date (2002). But they give a sense of the problem with the idea that the UK offers much less living space than anywhere else in Europe.

On the RICS data, the average UK house (old and new) is 85.84 sq m. The average French house is only a bit bigger at 88.9 sq m, as is the average German house (87.88 sq m). The Spanish average is about the same size as the UK, and both the average Portuguese and Greek houses are rather smaller.

Look at space per person (dividing total floor space by average household size) and you find there isn’t much difference. In the UK, we have 37.32 sq m each – about the same as the Germans – the Italians have 33.65 sq m, and the Spanish have 33 sq m.

Look at it like this and there isn’t much to complain about. Our problem is not the size of our houses on average, it’s the way we share them out – too many older, single people in the bigger ones, and too many families in the smaller ones, something encouraged by our capital gains tax regime.

Everyone in the UK buys as big a house as possible and stays in it whether they need it or not, because it’s the only way to make leveraged tax-free gains.

This is not to make light of Matthew’s point. Our new houses are generally small and nasty in a way that new houses in the rest of Europe aren’t – houses are getting bigger pretty much everywhere except for here and in Sweden.

It’s just to say that the problem is as much in the distribution of bigger, older houses as in the mean building size of new ones. Something for the new housing minister to think about.

  • Sceptical

    “… too many older, single people in the bigger ones”

    And why not? I’m 70 live alone in a house I’ve owned for 30+years that I like and which you would argue is too big for me.

    Given the vultures that masquerade as Estate Agents, the iniquity of non-progressive Stamp Duty and the sheer bloody hassle of doing so, why would I bother to move house?

    I’m not interested in property as an investment I live where I do because I like it not because I was looking for an “leveraged tax free gain”. Although I admit that is of course a consequence of my long occupancy and the current UK tax code.

    Merryn, I suggest you do not impute your own house owning motives to the world at large!

    Maybe those are topics the new Housing Minister ought to be thinking about too!

  • Vince

    It’s supply and demand again…we short of affordable houses, so with land being scarce and expensive in the UK, the builders have to provide as many homes as they can on the space. Property investors and low interest rates have driven up prices making smaller houses the only affordable option.

    We’re living in a giant game of Monopoly, and it feels like we’re in the final death throes of the game. Rich investors own the property, the rest pay rent and the bank’s bust from lending. That’s capitalism….it creates winners and losers…is anyone surprised?

  • New Home Expert

    New homes are getting smaller because house builders can still sell incredibly small badly built new homes to the gullible British public. If more land was made available land prices would fall but new homes would still be as expensive and just as small as they are now. We need regulation and minimum space standards. For more see: