Shining a light on India
Despite some short-term challenges, India remains very attractive for investors. Here’s why.
By Kristy Fong, Investment Manager, Aberdeen New India Investment Trust PLC
After two harrowing years of living through the pandemic, the festive season has arrived in India and is set to continue the sense of normalcy that has returned to India in recent times.
Last month, we made our first trip back to the country since borders reopened. We found sidewalks were once again bustling with people and roads were congested with bumper-to-bumper traffic. From speaking to companies on the ground, we sensed a general air of optimism around demand and momentum staying strong in the economy.
Still, some dark clouds loom overhead – prices of fuel and materials remain high while supply shortages mean a longer waiting time for big -ticket purchases like cars. Despite short-term challenges, we remain positive about India.
Broadly, we think India is an attractive opportunity both in Asia and across emerging markets. There are several reasons for it. First, it is one of the largest consumer markets outside the US and China, with a massive, predominantly young population. Second, the middle class there is expanding with rising levels of disposable income. Finally, the government is both reforms-oriented and business friendly, and has a parliamentary majority.
Covid-19 accelerated India’s push towards digitalisation, which was already underway prior to that. There are over 400 million internet users in the country, which has generated new business models in areas such as e-commerce and finance. Due to the pandemic, there has been an impressive virtual evolution of Indian banking apps that rival, or are better than, those offered by their developed market counterparts, while e-commerce offerings and delivery services are just as compelling. Smartphones have also become prevalent in every corner– we saw them in the hands of pedestrians and lodged on driver dashboards of compact cars and modified three-wheelers on India’s busy roads.
Further, we like the country’s desire to become a global manufacturing hub. We have seen the government’s “Make In India” campaign to incentivise foreign companies to shift their production to India through measures like production-linked incentive schemes, favourable corporate tax rates, an easier land acquisition process and the repealing of a controversial retrospective tax law. Global companies are therefore drawn to the opportunities that India has to offer. In addition, the size of the Indian economy is still relatively small, which implies that there is plenty of room for robust, longer-term growth.
The Indian stock market is also home to some of the highest quality companies in the region, with highly capable management teams. On a year-to-date basis, the market has outperformed both Asia Pacific ex-Japan and global emerging markets. Segments where India excels include financial services, consumer sector, and health care where we hold quality companies like HDFC, Maruti Suzuki and Hindustan Unilever. While the IT services sector is facing near-term challenges due to worries around a potential recession on the horizon, it remains an attractive segment in the long term, along with internet and renewables companies, where we hold exciting digital future companies such as Delhivery and PB Fintech, which runs the online insurance aggregator Policybazaar.
Looking ahead, we believe India today is in a much better position to withstand the current environment of high inflation and rising interest rates globally. Its domestic-oriented economy has been able to buck the slowing growth trend seen in other major economies around the world. A pickup in factory and services activities have underpinned the recovery from the pandemic. There are signs of accelerating credit growth. Infrastructure is being built – India already boasts impressive 7-lane freeways connecting commercial areas, like those seen in Gurgaon near New Delhi. Consumers are also spending more while affordability in the housing market has improved, even as interest rates are rising.
These are just a few examples of the turnaround that is already happening in the economy. In a pro-growth budget earlier this year, the Indian government earmarked significant spending into infrastructure and housing. Like in most parts of the world, inflation is high, but its impact on economic activity is not as severe. That said, if interest rates continue to spiral upwards, it could eventually have an impact on growth as well as on the stock market but, for now, the strength of the domestic economic story is providing a welcome balance.
Due to the economic disruption over the past two years, there is likely to be pent-up demand for goods and services this festive season – from smartphones to consumer electronics and apparels to big-ticket purchases like cars. E-commerce sales are also likely to accelerate. It will be a timely litmus test for how durable and robust the consumption story is in Asia’s third-largest economy.
Companies selected for illustrative purposes only to demonstrate the investment management style described herein and not as an investment recommendation or indication of future performance.
Risk factors you should consider prior to investing:
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- The Company invests in emerging markets which tend to be more volatile than mature markets and the value of your investment could move sharply up or down.
- Yields are estimated figures and may fluctuate, there are no guarantees that future dividends will match or exceed historic dividends and certain investors may be subject to further tax on dividends.
Other important information:
Issued by Aberdeen Asset Managers Limited, registered in Scotland (No. 108419), 10 Queen’s Terrace, Aberdeen AB10 1XL. Authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in the UK. An investment trust should be considered only as part of a balanced portfolio.