How to trade the battered pound

Once in a while, I go off-piste to cover a market that is not one of my usual suspects. And today, the GBP/USD rate is offering a superb lesson in one of my major themes – picking turning points at sentiment extremes.

In recent weeks, the poor old pound has lost a lot of value against the major currencies. The bloodbath is all over the mainstream press. I’m sure you’ll have seen the headlines.

But as we all know, trends do not last forever. And one of my specialities is in forecasting a turn. Let’s see if the market is offering any clues if the turn is at hand.

Clue number one

When researching a market that I have not put on my daily radar screen, I like to go first to the very long-term weekly chart. Here it is:

GBP/USD spread betting chart

(Click on the chart for a larger version)

It shows the huge dip in 2009 – note that the lows occurred almost exactly four years ago – and the subsequent wide trading range since.

I mention the four-year span, since many believe there is a four-year cycle operating in markets.

So a four-year span has some history and may be relevant here. It is something to keep in mind.

So after the plunge from the 2 January 1.63 high to the low this week at the 1.48 level – which occurred in a virtual straight line – the market has arrived at the exact 62% Fibonacci retrace.

This is usually an area offering solid support. That is my first clue for a turn.

Clue number two

Then, after such a collapse in just two months, I like to go to the Commitments of Traders (COT) data for a reading of market sentiment. Remember, this data gives a weekly accurate snapshot of where traders are putting their money. It differs from sentiment surveys in that such surveys can contain a healthy dose of kidology – a person can tell the pollster anything!

But of course, sentiment surveys have their place – especially at extremes. And there are few better indicators of public sentiment than my headline indicator, which I mentioned last time –and which I believe is in full operation now.

Here is the latest COT data as of 5 March:

Non-commercial Commercial Total Non-reportable positions
Long Short Spreads Long Short Long Short Long Short
OPEN INTEREST: 236,181
COMMITMENTS
36,021 79,870 4,660 178,904 97,356 219,585 181,886 16,596 54,181
CHANGES FROM 02/26/13 (CHANGE IN OPEN INTEREST: 30,998)
4,895 12,614 2,871 23,826 7,974 31,592 23,459 -594 7,539
PERCENT OF OPEN INTEREST FOR EACH CATEGORY OF TRADERS
15.3 33.8 2.0 75.7 41.2 93.0 77.0 7.0 23.0
NUMBER OF TRADERS IN EACH CATEGORY (TOTAL TRADERS: 115)
21 46 9 32 34 58 84

This is terrific! It demonstrates that the specs are heavily short, as would be expected in a severe downturn amid the gloomy headlines.

But the most valuable point is that during a week that saw a bear trend, specs of all stripes massively increased their short positions.

The question is now: is the bear side of the boat in danger of capsizing it?

That is my background scenario – specs are heavily to the bear side, and the market has hit long-term support. This is an ideal scenario to start looking for a turn.

Clue number three

So now I like to zero in on the hourly chart, which covers a few days:

This is the chart I took yesterday:

GBP/USD spread betting chart

(Click on the chart for a larger version)

Right away, I can draw in a good pair of tramlines. There are a few pigtails, but, like gold, the GBP/USD suffers from this spikiness.

But the crucial point is that there is a potential large positive-momentum divergence at the low (red bars). I like to see this if I am trying to pick a contrary trade.

The general rule is: the larger the divergence, the bigger the pop!

How to play this?

Now I have some excellent reasons to suspect a turn, I could take one of two actions.

I could take a long trade at the market here and enter a close protective stop just under the low. Or, I could wait until the market breaks above the upper tramline for confirmation of the turn. Here, I would need to set a wider stop.

If the latter, you would set a resting buy order so that if the market hits your price while you are sound asleep, your order would be filled.

The choice comes down to balancing the risks. If you are a more adventurous trader, you would take the first trade. If a by-the-book type, you would opt for the second. It is horses for courses.

Here is the situation this morning:

GBP/USD spread betting chart

(Click on the chart for a larger version)

Overnight, we have the satisfactory tramline break and both sets of traders are now long.

I have drawn my third higher tramline and this becomes my first target, which also meets the chart resistance shown in pink.

If and when the market hits this target, traders have another decision… take profits or stay with the trade?

When deciding to trade the markets, it is a good idea to have a firm idea of what time-scale you wish to operate in.

If more a day-trader type, where you use hit-and-run tactics, then you will be looking to get out soon.

But for swing trading, where you hope to catch moves of several cents, these traders will be looking for a bigger pop over several days. And if the market advances further, you would move your protective stop to break-even for a no-risk trade.

Swing traders would be looking for a higher target, but where?

If we go back to the weekly chart, you will see that there is very solid resistance in the 1.53 – 1.54 area (pink zone):

GBP/USD spread betting chart

(Click on the chart for a larger version)

If I were still with the long trade here, that would be a great place to look to take profits of around 600 pips – and all from the simple analysis that I have described.

• If you’re a new reader, or need a reminder about some of the methods I refer to in my trades, then do have a look at my introductory videos:

The essentials of tramline trading

Advanced tramline trading

An introduction to Elliott wave theory

Advanced trading with Elliott waves

Trading with Fibonacci levels

Trading with ‘momentum’

Putting it all together

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