You will know by now that I don’t entirely approve of tax relief on charitable giving. But even if I did, I would still think that our current system is lousy: it gives us no way of distinguishing between good charities, useless charities and bad charities.
I’ve referred before to the book out from philanthropy adviser Caroline Fiennes (It Ain’t What You Give, It’s the Way That You Give It) but it is worth returning to with this in mind. The idea of the book is to show donors how best to give their money, but read between the lines of various bits of it and you will see pretty clearly that not all charities should be considered equal in the eyes of taxpayers.
The book opens with a story of three charities in India which have the same aim – to get small children to turn up to school every day. One does this by handing out cash to parents when their kids turn up; the second does it by distributing school uniforms; the third does it by de-worming the kids (having worms is a nasty business – it can make you lethargic and cause you real pain).
All the methods work. That’s good. But one works much better than the others: the first spends $1,000 a year to keep a child in school; the second spends $100; the third spends $40 at worst, and $4 at best. Even at its most inefficient, the de-worming charity is 25 times as efficient as the “pay per visit” charity. Or to put it another way, every time we put $1,000 into the first charity over the third, “fully 24 children needlessly miss out”. Yet regardless of which one you donate to, the subsidy chucked in by the taxpayer will be the same.
The point here is not that any of the three charities mentioned above are anything but well-meaning. It is just that being registered with the regulator for any given region doesn’t tell us whether a charity is good or not. It only tells us that as far as the commission in question has the resources to check, the charity is not operating fraudulently, and appears to be working within its mission. The regulator does not monitor charities’ effectiveness any more than Companies’ House comments on the quality of a company’s products or its financial performance.
So does that mean that a charity can be registered, be subsidised by the taxpayer and be utterly rubbish? Yes it does. Fiennes quotes the assistant director of the Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy saying that: “1) the vast majority of social programmes and services have not yet been rigorously evaluated; and 2) of those that have been rigorously evaluated, most (perhaps 75% or more), including those backed by expert opinion and less-rigorous studies, turn out to produce small or no effects, and, in some cases negative effects.”
So what does this mean? Fiennes’ book is about how to find charities that will work effectively with your money – the ones that can make £50 do as much for the world as another charity could with £500. But we could surely use that process to make the way the taxpayer is forced to give work better as well. If we have to offer tax relief for charities, let’s not hand out money to any ineffective do-gooder with a gift for form-filling. Let’s find a way to measure – and finance – what really works.