Two funds to extract big value from big oil
Two high-quality funds from Guinness offer very different ways to invest in the energy industry – and one looks exceptionally cheap now.
In the late 1990s when both the oil price and oil shares were languishing, Tim Guinness, then co-CEO of Guinness Flight, was under pressure from colleagues to close their energy fund, which had barely £1m of assets. He resisted, arguing that the sector would recover and he rather fancied running the fund himself, which he did.
Guinness Flight was sold to Investec some years later but Guinness continued to manage the fund, producing great performance and taking assets to over £2bn. In the meantime, he had set up his own investment management company, so when Investec took over the management of what was now its energy fund in 2008, Guinness started his own, the Guinness Global Energy Fund. The previous year, he had launched one of the first alternative energy funds, now Guinness Sustainable Energy fund.
Clearly, Guinness is a shrewd judge of the sector and he maintains a close eye on the two funds, co-managed by Jonathan Waghorn and Will Riley. Global Energy now has $236m of assets, but despite returning 45% in sterling in the year to the end of November (4% ahead of its benchmark index), it has lost 6% annualised over five years, 4% behind the benchmark.
Sustainable Energy, with nearly $1bn of assets, returned 10.4% in 2021 and an annualised 24.7% over five, 9.7% ahead of the MSCI World index. Performance has been especially strong, up by 165% since a relaunch in December 2018. It focuses on seven themes, allocations to which vary over time but were between 4% and 25% at the end of 2021: electrification of the energy mix, electric vehicles & vehicle efficiency, battery manufacture, expansion of wind generation, expansion of solar generation, heating, lighting & power efficiency and geothermal & biomass.
The largest holding, at 5%, is US power generator NextEra Energy, followed by Chinese semiconductor manufacturer ON and French energy management & automation company Schneider. Waghorn points out that the share of renewable energy in 2020 electricity capacity expansion was 82% and that it accounted for 36.6% of total generating capacity. Electric vehicles only accounted for 7.6% of global vehicle sales in 2021, but are expected to reach 50% in 2030. He describes the achievements of COP26 as “better than feared, but not as good as hoped for”.
Oil demand is recovering
Integrated oil and gas majors – firms that span the entire value chain of the industry, such as Exxon, Shell and Total – make up 42% of the Global Energy fund. Another 7% is in integrated firms from emerging markets. Exploration & production firms account for 32%, while 12% is in equipment & services and refining & marketing, and the remaining 7% in other niches.
Waghorn notes that global oil demand will surpass its pre-pandemic peak this year. Despite the rise of liquefied natural gas (LNG), gas prices vary by region. In the US, demand in 2021 was already 3.5% above its pre-pandemic peak, but prices relative to oil are 33% below average. Gas prices in Europe and Asia are a multiple of those in the US.
Despite this, drilling activity remains depressed. Opec’s rig count has recovered from its end-2020 low, but remains a third below the 2016-2019 average. The US rig count is also rising, implying greater supply of oil and gas, but the recovery lags previous cycles. With governments in the UK and Europe very reluctant to allow drilling, it’s not surprising that the Russians don’t see why they should either. The oil and gas price in the UK will stay high, if not rise further, until either demand tails off or supply increases, which will require a humiliating political U-turn.
Big oil looks cheap
Which of the two funds is the better investment? Sustainable energy has been all the rage in recent years, but Waghorn estimates annualised earnings growth of 13.5% for 2021-2023 against a portfolio valuation of 24 times 2022 earnings. The less popular Global Energy Fund is valued at just 7.6 times 2022 earnings and was on a roll in the last year. Waghorn estimates earnings growth in single digits, but that forecast looks too cautious. This is surely the fund to buy now, especially while so many professional investors remain in denial about the phoenix-like recovery of traditional energy companies. But don’t forget the Sustainable Energy fund for the future.