BT has made an aggressive move into the pay-TV sector, snatching lucrative football rights from Sky and ITV. But has it paid too high a price? Simon Wilson investigates.
In a coup that stunned analysts and wiped 11% (a total of £1.6bn) off the value of BSkyB shares, BT Sport – which only began broadcasting 14 weeks ago – has won the auction to cover Champions League and Europa League football from 2015, beating existing long-term UK rights holders Sky and ITV.
(For the footballing refuseniks out there, the Uefa Champions League is the elite pan-European club competition traditionally known as the European Cup; the Uefa Europa League is a second-tier competition, formerly known as the Uefa Cup.)
It’s the first time a single broadcaster has won exclusive UK rights to broadcast the Champions League, and it hugely ramps up the threat to Sky’s dominance in the pay-TV market posed by the resurgent BT’s heavy investment in its two new BT Sport channels.
How much has BT paid?
That’s the shocker. For the right to broadcast 350 Champions and Europa League matches for three years from 2015, BT’s new chief executive Gavin Patterson authorised a payment of £299m a year, or £897m in total. That’s more than double the current deal, under which Sky (£80m) and ITV (£55m) pay a total of £135m a year.
Football is, of course, no stranger to exorbitant price inflation. In June 2012, when BT snaffled 38 Premier League games a season for £738m, it forced Sky to pay £2.3bn for the other 116 – a 70% price hike on the previous contract. But this new Champions League deal has upped the price of sports rights even more rapidly.
BT, which generates free cash flow of about £2.3bn a year compared to £1bn for Sky, reckons it can afford it; Sky says it has dramatically overpaid.
Why have Sky shares slumped?
The market’s strong reaction was not so much about how this will affect Sky’s programming in the short term (Champions League football accounts for just 3% of Sky Sports’ current output; the Premier League accounts for 19%), but because of what the acquisition says about BT’s ambitions.
When BT committed £738m to Premier League rights in last summer’s auction, it represented the biggest rights challenge to Sky in 20 years, and appears to be proving a success for BT: its two sports channels have been taken up by two million of the company’s broadband subscribers, plus two million Virgin Media households.
Even so, in terms of football rights, it wasn’t a game-changer: Sky had previously been obliged to share rights with the likes of Setanta and ESPN. But BT Sport’s coup in poaching the Champions League is a far bigger deal, in every sense.
What makes this a big deal?
First, it’s a massive statement of intent by BT that it will not be content to take second place in the pay-TV football market. BT now has something Sky doesn’t: it will be determined to exploit that exclusivity, and build up its football offer the next time Premier League rights come up (in 2015).
Second, and more fundamentally, the deal is a major milestone in the convergence in the telecoms and TV markets. BT (like rival Talk Talk) is alive to the fact that premium TV content is a great way to sell a ‘triple-play’ package (phone, broadband and TV from one provider).
BT first moved into pay-TV (Sky’s historic strength) after Sky began offering a triple-play that ate into BT’s broadband subscriber base. Now BT has shown it is more than ready to fight back. Investors fear that Sky will have to pay a truly colossal sum in 2015 to defend its Premier League position.
Is it all bad news for Sky?
Not necessarily. Sky’s public line – that BT has overpaid and that outbidding it would have been a mistake – got backing from some in the City, despite the plunge in Sky’s share price.
Deutsche Bank analysts argued that “the risk of major sub[scriber] loss from Sky Sports to BT for one Premier League game a week and four game evenings per month of Champions League, looks very low”. Westhouse Securities praised both Sky and ITV for “maintaining financial discipline” in bidding only what they could afford.
Moreover, Sky still has a range of sports rights locked up for the next few years. Losing the Champions League could allow it to invest the £400m over three years in further quality drama, or hardware upgrades.
On the other hand, other analysts see a radically altered sector, such as John Karidis at Oriel Securities: “We believe (i) BT will win back more share of telecom market value than we had expected, and (ii) Sky will permanently become a meaningfully lesser threat to BT’s future.”
In any event, as Robert Peston of the BBC notes, nobody need feel too sorry for Sky. It might just have been kicked “in its most sensitive organ”. But the channel’s history shows it will “take little time trying to find an effective way to retaliate.”
The winners and losers
The deal is great for England’s elite football clubs, whose teams stand to gain an estimated £15m extra a year from their share of the spoils (though if the past is any guide, they’ll hand most of the loot to the players). But it’s not necessarily great news for consumers.
James Barford of Enders Analysis calculates that Britain is now spending more per head on sports rights ($70 a pop) than anywhere else in the world, overtaking the US on $67 – with every chance of even hotter competition for the Premier League in the 2015 bidding round.
It’s not yet clear what BT’s pricing structure for post-2015 will be, but somewhere along the line all that outlay will need to be recouped – which could mean higher prices.