Sovereign wealth fund

A sovereign wealth fund is a state-owned fund of the accumulated reserves that arise from running a trade surplus with other countries.

A sovereign wealth fund (SWF) is state owned. Typically, it is funded by a country's central bank from the accumulated reserves that arise from running a trade surplus with other countries. The fund is usually tasked with a specific investment objective that will benefit its country's citizens.

In short, like any investor, its job is to earn a decent return on its capital while avoiding too much risk. For an oil-rich Gulf state, that might involve finding investments say, London property that diversify the state's revenue streams (so rent is earned alongside oil money).

The range of investments such a fund can choose varies some are restricted only to very liquid public securities, for example. The size of each fund varies too, but some are huge the estimated value of all SWFs is more than $2trn.

Most Popular

The times may be changing, but don’t change how you invest
Small cap stocks

The times may be changing, but don’t change how you invest

We are living in strange times. But the basics of investing remain the same: buy fairly-priced stocks that can provide an income. And there are few be…
13 Sep 2021
Two shipping funds to buy for steady income
Investment trusts

Two shipping funds to buy for steady income

Returns from owning ships are volatile, but these two investment trusts are trying to make the sector less risky.
7 Sep 2021
How to stop recurring subscriptions becoming a drain on your money
Personal finance

How to stop recurring subscriptions becoming a drain on your money

Tracking and pruning subscriptions isn’t as easy as it sounds. Here's how to take charge.
14 Sep 2021