Advertisement

Output gap

The output gap is the difference between an economy's actual output, otherwise known as gross domestic product (GDP), and what it would be if that country's industries were working flat out.

The output gap is the difference between an economy's actual output, otherwise known as gross domestic product (GDP), and what it would be if that country's industries were working flat out. The bigger the gap, the less scope businesses have to raise prices.

This means less chance of inflation picking up - indeed, prices could actually fall. But measuring output gaps can be tricky. That's because in a deep recession, many firms cut costs by mothballing or completely shutting down some of their less profitable spare capacity. This curbs downward price pressures.

Advertisement - Article continues below

When the economy recovers, there may be less slack available to produce extra goods than had been expected. So inflation could make a faster comeback than forecast.

Advertisement
Advertisement

Recommended

Visit/glossary/bonds
Glossary

Bonds

A bond is a type of IOU issued by a government, local authority or company to raise money.
19 May 2020
Visit/spending-it/glossary/601300/quantitative-investing
Glossary

Quantitative investing

Quantitative investing uses sophisticated computer-based mathematical models to identify and carry out trades.
8 May 2020
Visit/glossary/quantitative-easing-qe
Glossary

Quantitative easing (QE)

Quantitative easing (QE) involves electronically expanding a central bank's balance sheet.
8 May 2020
Visit/glossary/600702/emerging-markets
Glossary

Emerging markets

An emerging market is an economy that is becoming wealthier and more advanced, but is not yet classed as "developed".
24 Jan 2020

Most Popular

Visit/investments/stockmarkets/601423/as-full-lockdown-ends-what-are-the-risks-for-investors
Stockmarkets

As full lockdown ends, what are the risks for investors?

In the UK and elsewhere, people are gradually being let off the leash as the lockdown begins to end. John Stepek looks at what risks remain for invest…
29 May 2020
Visit/economy/global-economy/601420/james-ferguson-the-virus-the-lockdown-and-what-comes-next
Global Economy

The MoneyWeek Podcast: James Ferguson on the virus, the lockdown, and what comes next

Merryn talks to MoneyWeek regular James Ferguson of Macrostrategy Partnership about what's happened so far with the virus; whether the lockdown was th…
28 May 2020
Visit/investments/property/601411/can-the-uk-housing-market-escape-a-slump
Property

Can the UK housing market escape a slump?

The Bank of England is predicting a 16% slump in house prices.
29 May 2020