The Saudi Aramco IPO could mark the bottom for oil

Big flotations or mergers often mark the top of a market. But the Saudi Aramco IPO could mark a bottom. And that spells opportunity, says John Stepek.

Amin Nasser, President and CEO of Saudi Aramco © AFP via Getty Images

(Image credit: Amin Nasser, President and CEO of Saudi Aramco © AFP via Getty Images)

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The world's biggest oil and gas company is about to go public.

Saudi Aramco's long-awaited (or at least, long-delayed) IPO is finally happening.

Yesterday, officials said the IPO will go ahead. The prospectus is released later this week, and the company will list in December.

So what does this tell us about wider markets?

What the Saudi Aramco listing tells us about market today

Regular readers will know that I think IPOs (and mergers and acquisitions) are an investment sentiment indicator that you should keep a very close eye on. Some of you might even think I'm obsessed with it. But I feel my basic logic is sound.

If an unusually big company wants to go to market, and the market is willing to welcome it with open arms, it says something about the environment. For example, when the world's biggest commodities trader, Glencore, managed to go public in 2011, it said something important about enthusiasm for commodities it marked the top of that particular bubble.

Similarly, if two big companies want to merge, or one buy the other, that says something else. For example, when Royal Bank of Scotland and Barclays fought over ABN Amro in 2007, it said something about the banking bubble. And when AOL merged with Time Warner in 2000, it said something about the tech bubble.

The point is, you can only get a big IPO or a big deal done when the market is exuberant enough to pay for it, or to back it. That's why massive, headline-grabbing deals and IPOs are such a solid "top" indicator.

But what does the Saudi Aramco IPO tell us? How do we interpret this one?

Aramco is the world's biggest, most profitable oil producer. It pumps out one in eight of the world's oil barrels. If we were in the midst of an oil bubble let's say it was still late 2010, for example then demand would be through the roof.

The thing is though, we're not. This IPO is unusual. It is not driven by a clamour from public markets to invest in oil and gas companies. There is no oil bubble today indeed, there's almost the opposite. Resources companies are trading at their lowest ebb in decades, relative to the rest of the market.

Instead, this IPO is driven by the Saudis being keen to offload what they view as a depreciating asset to raise funds for its sovereign wealth fund to invest elsewhere. In effect, Saudi Arabia wants to swap a reliance on oil for a slightly vague high-tech future.

This is perhaps best exemplified by Saudi Arabia's heavy backing of Japanese group SoftBank's Vision Fund. About half of the $97bn invested in the Vision Fund came from the Saudi sovereign wealth fund, as the FT reports.

In other words, you could argue that the Saudis are flogging off Aramco to invest in WeWork. They're swapping "value" for "growth". You may have a view on the wisdom of that, but we can set that aside for another time.

This is an IPO borne of desperation

It's worth pointing something else out: Aramco is hoping for a valuation of as much as $2trn when it lists. That sounds huge. However, there's a great big caveat to that.

It looks as though just 3% of the company is going to be sold off. And it's going to be listed on the Tadawul, the domestic stock exchange in Saudi Arabia. The hope there would be to raise $60bn, which would deliver the desired valuation.

The thing is, if they're listing it locally, there are a lot of billionaires around who can be encouraged, gently, to demonstrate their loyalty and to make sure that the IPO gets the sort of support it deserves.

Meanwhile, despite scepticism from foreign investors, you'd expect the sorts of investment banks who turned up to "Davos in the desert" to be more than happy to funnel some money the Saudis' way in the hope of getting future business.

And of course, the IPO could still be pulled if there's a lack of support.

So, let's boil this down.

The biggest oil producer in the world is so keen to offload its oil production capacity, that it is now willing to accept a vastly downgraded IPO in exchange for simply making a start on the process of ridding itself of an asset that if fears will soon turn into a liability.

To me, that sounds more like a bottom than a top. To me, that sounds like a sign that sentiment towards the long-term future for the oil sector specifically is close to being as bad as it's going to get.

To me, that spells opportunity in oil. We'll be writing more about this in MoneyWeek magazine (subscribe here), but long story short, hang on to your oil stocks now is not the time to sell.

John Stepek

John is the executive editor of MoneyWeek and writes our daily investment email, Money Morning. John graduated from Strathclyde University with a degree in psychology in 1996 and has always been fascinated by the gap between the way the market works in theory and the way it works in practice, and by how our deep-rooted instincts work against our best interests as investors.

He started out in journalism by writing articles about the specific business challenges facing family firms. In 2003, he took a job on the finance desk of Teletext, where he spent two years covering the markets and breaking financial news. John joined MoneyWeek in 2005.

His work has been published in Families in Business, Shares magazine, Spear's Magazine, The Sunday Times, and The Spectator among others. He has also appeared as an expert commentator on BBC Radio 4's Today programme, BBC Radio Scotland, Newsnight, Daily Politics and Bloomberg. His first book, on contrarian investing, The Sceptical Investor, was released in March 2019. You can follow John on Twitter at @john_stepek.