Today in currency corner we are going to take another currency pair at random and see where it takes us.
It’s a pair I’ve never looked at before: the Japanese yen and the euro.
I must say, I’ve no idea what to expect.
So let’s start with a long-term, 20-year chart. Here we see the euro against the yen (EURJPY) since 1999. This shows you how many yen it takes to buy a euro. The fewer yen it takes, the stronger the yen is – so when that chart is falling the yen is getting stronger. When it is rising the euro is getting stronger.
One euro is currently ¥117. (I love the yen symbol – the ¥ – isn’t it a cool symbol?)
As with so many forex charts that we have looked at since I began writing this column, once again the sea change that was 2008 and the Global Financial Crisis is clearly visible.
From shortly after the turn of the century through until 2008, the euro got stronger and stronger, almost doubling in relative value.
In 2000, it took ¥89 to buy a euro. In 2008, ¥170 were needed.
Since then however, the euro has been in decline. The 2008-2012 period saw the most weakness. 2012-2014 saw two years of euro bull market, followed by the resumption of the bear.
On a long-term basis we clearly see lower highs in the euro. It is in a downtrend. And it is in a downtrend on a short- and intermediate-term basis as well. 2017 may have been a good year for the euro, but since 2018 it’s been in decline.
Gosh, I think this is a good pair for traders. The trends go on for such a long time. Even the counter-trend rallies do – as, for example, we see between 2012-2014 and 2016-2018. If you can latch on to these trends, you can make a lot of money.
Where might the yen be headed next against the euro?
So where does today’s downtrend end? ¥109 is an obvious target – the 2016 lows. But after that, sub-¥100 comes into play – the 2012 and 2000 lows.
It’s worth also observing how that rising trend line (the blue dashed line) from the 2012 lows was broken earlier this year. It’s only a line on a chart, I know, but such trend lines being broken is, nevertheless, a bearish sign.
I also observe how, in common with so many forex charts right now, EURJPY at ¥117 is somewhere in the middle of its long-term range between ¥89 and ¥170 (although in this case lower middle). So many forex pairs seem to be in the middle areas, broadly speaking, of long-term trends. Euro-US dollar is as well, as we saw last week.
Here was see EURJPY over the last two years. I’ve also drawn a 55-day moving average in red to help clarify the trend – as if it needs clarifying. It’s very much down.
The euro is getting weaker. The yen is getting stronger. The direction of travel is clear.
This trend is quite mature, but that doesn’t mean it can’t go on. You can see from the long-term chart above, just how long EURJPY trends tend to go on for.
Japan led the world in monetary manipulation. Artificially low interest rates meant that funds borrowed yen cheaply, deployed the capital elsewhere, where returns were higher, and pocketed the difference. That was the “yen carry trade”.
Any sign of panic meant that funds would immediately buy back the yen and pay the loans back, with the result that the yen tends to rise during periods of global panic. This was especially the case in 2008.
But now all central banks are in the suppressed interest rates game, not least the European Central Bank, so the yen carry trade is not quite the sure thing it once was deemed to be.
I wonder what new ways to weaken its currency the Japanese central bank is currently concocting.