The charts that matter – a ray of hope in the US employment data

As US unemployment falls again, John Stepek looks at what it means for the markets and the global economy, plus a rundown of the rest of the charts that matter the most.

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When we last talked, we were hovering on the edge of a recession signal, and this week it's more of the same. The yield curve (here's a reminder of what it is) did pull back from the brink a little this week. Although the ten-year US Treasury yield slid sharply, the two-year fell hard too, and so the gap between them opened a little.

The chart below shows the difference (the "spread") between what it costs the US government to borrow money over ten years and what it costs over two. Once this number turns negative, the yield curve has inverted which almost always signals a recession (although perhaps not for up to two years).


(The gap between the yield on the ten-year US Treasury and that on the two-year, going back three months)

Gold (measured in dollar terms) struggled this week as the US dollar powered ahead, helped by all of those investors piling into US Treasuries.


(Gold: three months)

The US dollar index a measure of the strength of the dollar against a basket of the currencies of its major trading partners put in a strong rebound, as noted above.


(DXY: three months)

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Looking at ten-year yields on the world's major developed-market bonds the US slid sharply as the market continued to price in lower interest rates, and both the Japanese and German equivalents fell hard too. Japan is firmly back in negative territory and Germany has entered it. This week, I've lengthened the chart period so you can see what's going on over a longer timescale.

Global bond markets mostly bottomed out in July 2016, as the charts below all show. Will they revisit those levels? We've a way to go yet (apart from for Germany), but it's possible (although I'll admit it would surprise me).


(Ten-year US Treasury yield: three years)


(Ten-year Japanese government bond yield: three years)


(Ten-year bund yield: three years)

Copper continued to trade sideways. If recession fears spread, and the dollar keeps rising, it's hard to see how copper hangs on.


(Copper: three months)

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The Aussie dollar our favourite indicator of the state of the Chinese economy fell back as the US dollar strengthened.


(Aussie dollar vs US dollar exchange rate: three months)

Cryptocurrency bitcoin is creeping back onto the radar of speculators, perking back up above the $4,000 mark.


(Bitcoin: ten days)

Interesting move in the four-week moving average of weekly US jobless claims this week. It fell substantially to 217,250, while weekly claims fell by more than expected to 211,000.

There were also some revisions to past data. As a result, the previous trough (of 206,000, on 15 September 2018) has risen a little the marker to beat is now 210,500, which was set on 22 September).

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Why does that matter? Well, in the past, David Rosenberg of Gluskin Sheff has noted that US stocks usually don't peak until after the four-week moving average has hit a low for the cycle. You then get a recession about a year later. (Remember that this is all based off a tiny sample size so take it all with a big pinch of salt.)

The thing is, if the trough was 210,500 and we're now down to 217,250 suddenly it doesn't look as far-fetched that we might set a new low for this cycle. And if that's the case, then maybe the market hasn't yet peaked (the S&P 500's most recent high was around 2,950, which happened in October).

So I'm still not convinced despite my bearish tendencies that the current recession fear is going to turn out to be justified. I'll be keeping a very close eye on this employment indicator for the next few months.


(US jobless claims, four-week moving average: since January 2016)

The oil price (as measured by Brent crude, the international/European benchmark) moved sideways this week.


(Brent crude oil: three months)

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Internet giant Amazon this week dropped back from the $1,800 mark. I've pulled the chart out a bit this week so you can see why I think this area is worth watching. I'm not a big user of technical analysis (charting). But it can give you a useful idea of market sentiment.

Right now it looks to me as though Amazon still has a good chance of revisiting its October highs. That $1,800-$1,850 level looks like a bit of "resistance" if it gets through that, I suspect that's a good sign for markets.


(Amazon: 10 months)

Electric-car group Tesla has rallied a little in the last week as Elon Musk has stayed out of the headlines.


(Tesla: three months)

Have a great weekend.




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