Warning: don’t touch lithium with a ten-foot bargepole

Lithium is the fuel of the clean tech revolution. That’s sent the stocks of lithium producers soaring. But we’ve seen this story before, says Dominic Frisby. It never ends well.


If you're in lithium, have an exit plan
(Image credit: © 2016 Bloomberg Finance LP)

Today's article comes with a stark wealth warning: avoid lithium. It could seriously damage your wealth.

Lithium stocks have gone crazy

When I say "lithium company", I mean a company that is developing lithium assets with a view to eventually producing lithium. (Most of the world's lithium is extracted from brine through evaporation and electrolysis, while some is produced by crushing, roasting and leaching rock spodumene rock, to be precise).

The company is looking to raise some money. I took a look at the chart.

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In early 2016 it was 6c. By September it had hit $2.50.


I then had a potter through the charts of some other lithium explorers and developers. Pennies have become dimes. Dimes have become dollars. There are five and ten-baggers all over the shop.

The price of lithium carbonate and lithium hydroxide (you can't sell pure lithium as it has a tendency to explode) has, meanwhile, more or less tripled.

Goodness me, I've missed out here. Quick! Jump in?

Not so fast.

I get the lithium story. It's the fuel of the cleantech revolution.

Fifteen years ago its main uses were in ceramics and glass, lubricants, and aluminium and rubber production. Battery technology accounted for just 5% of the 70,000 tonnes of annual demand. Now battery technology accounts for 40% and annual demand is 163,000 tonnes.

According to Deutsche Bank, the market is set to triple by 2025 to 534,000 tonnes. Lithium demand for electric cars, e-bikes, and energy storage is going to rise rapidly. Energy storage and electric vehicles are the big drivers. One electric car alone requires 63kg of lithium. Where's all the supply going to come from?

Cue a massive rush into lithium exploration and development stocks.

One microcap gold explorer I follow had been going nowhere for years. Suddenly it doubled. And it kept on going on up. How come? Then I found out it's now a lithium play. And it's not stopped going up.

I'm getting a sense of deja vu

Every few years a commodity comes along which is going to save the world in some way. Demand is going to balloon and there's no supply, because people have been ignoring it for so long.

I've seen it happen in uranium, in silver, in palladium, in rhodium, in rare earth metals, in potash, in graphite. It even happened in lithium a few years back (so much so that I totally underestimated how high this particular rocket could go).

There is a mad rush to acquire exploration assets in that particular commodity. Last year's rare earth metals company rebrands itself as this year's graphite company.

Strategic Total Focus Uranium (STFU) is suddenly Outreach Max Graphite (OMG). The suspiciously white-toothed CEO regurgitates a load of spiel about this new critical commodity, investors pile in blindly and the CEO then goes prospecting on his yacht off the coast of Guadeloupe.

And the thing is, if you get in early and you get out you can make a shedload of money. But if you don't get out, you get crucified. It's greater fool theory on steroids.

Who remembers uranium?

That was probably the biggest bubble of the lot.

For years decades uranium did nothing and went nowhere. Then in the early 2000s the oil price started rising and rising. It was getting rather expensive. Alternatives were going to be required. Then there was the rise of China. It was investing heavily in nuclear power stations.

The uranium price started moving up. Then the Peak Oil narrative took over. The world is running out of oil. "Nuclear power is the only thing that is going to save us!"

Prominent newsletter writers as well as the media all jumped onto the story. And everyone believed it. They always do with bubbles. They believe it because there's a lot of truth to it just as there's a lot of truth to everything you read about lithium now.

In June 2007 uranium peaked. The price of uranium itself had gone from about $6 per pound to more than $150. There were hundreds I mean hundreds of uranium exploration companies. No more than a dozen had assets with a reasonable chance of becoming producing mines.

One company I followed Laramide Resources (LAM.TO) was (and remains) a legit uranium exploration and development play with two or three genuine properties. Its stock went from one cent yes, C$0.01 in 2002 to C$16.70 by spring 2007. It went up by even more than bitcoin.

Then it came down again.

In 2016, with the assets now further developed than they were in 2007, it touched C$0.14.

The same thing is going to happen to lithium.

If you're in lithium, have an exit plan. If not, look for the next big thing

It's a bubble same as uranium, rare earth, rhodium and graphite all were. Like all bubbles, there is an utterly compelling story at the heart of it.

If you're in, lucky you, clever, you, well done you. I wish I was, and I'm cross with myself for missing out. A bubble is a bull market in which you don't have a position, I often say. I've missed it. More fool me.

But at least I can see this for what it is.

You should now have your exit strategy clearly mapped out and you should certainly have taken your original stake and some profit off the table.

If you're not in, you should stay away.

You want to make megabucks? Work out what the next go-to commodity is going to be, the next commodity to save the world. Cobalt, maybe? Phosphate? Titanium?

Any ideas, please post them in the comments section below. I'd be glad to hear them.

Dominic Frisby

Dominic Frisby (“mercurially witty” – the Spectator) is as far as we know the world’s only financial writer and comedian. He is the author of the popular newsletter the Flying Frisby and is MoneyWeek’s main commentator on gold, commodities, currencies and cryptocurrencies. He has also taken several of his shows to the Edinburgh Festival Fringe.

His books are Daylight Robbery - How Tax Changed our Past and Will Shape our Future; Bitcoin: the Future of Money? and Life After the State - Why We Don't Need Government

Dominic was educated at St Paul's School, Manchester University and the Webber-Douglas Academy Of Dramatic Art. You can follow him on X @dominicfrisby