Trading multiple currencies using tramlines

Relying on economic data as the basis for your currency trades is a risky strategy. John C Burford explains why detailed chart analysis is a better bet.

Many traders are guided in their currency trading by what is called the fundamentals. This is the news flow, which includes the regular economic reports issued by government bodies.

If one is trading the US dollar, for example, there is a huge amount of information available from GDP figures to trade balances, to jobless claims, and so on.

Subscribe to MoneyWeek

Become a smarter, better informed investor with MoneyWeek.

All of these inputs are thought to determine dollar exchange rates. That is the classic academic' view.

But the problem is this: how do you balance an economic number on one side of the currency cross, say the jobless claims number, with the equivalent figure on the other?

Advertisement
Advertisement - Article continues below

Take the GBP/USD cross. Common sense would suggest that if, say, the jobless claims number for the US is improving, that should support the dollar. And the jobless number for Britain may be worsening, and that should put pressure on the GBP.

In this case, the GBP/USD rate should decline.

But this is not the whole story. Some other factor, like GDP figures, may be getting worse for the US and better for Britain. That would have the opposite effect.

And I have mentioned only three possible relevant inputs. The number of potential factors is more or less infinite.

The point of this kind of analysis is to arrive at a fair value of the exchange rate from the economic data. If the current market varies from your answer, then you have a trade.

One of the problems with this approach is that all of the data points are lagging. They are historic and may or may not bear any relationship with future activity.

Advertisement
Advertisement - Article continues below

The other major problem is that you have to come up with this number yourself, and the market may or may not agree with it.

I have found technical (chart) analysis to be the better approach while still keeping an eye on the macro picture. My tramline methods are particularly useful.

I will analyse the EUR/USD and GBP/USD markets using these methods, and then see how my analysis fits the EUR/GBP market.

EUR/USD

A-B-C

13-9-27-MWT-1

Since January the market has shown some wide swings with no clear long-term trend. The highs and lows have generally been accompanied by extreme sentiment levels. The latest sentiment picture shows high bullishness towards the euro, as traders recognise that the euro will survive.

It was not too long ago when the press was sure that the euro was doomed to collapse, as the peripheral economies faced depression. The belief was that the depressions would force the national governments to abandon the euro and revert to their old currencies.

Advertisement
Advertisement - Article continues below

But so far, the bail-outs (and one Cyprus bail-in) have done enough to stablilise their economies and that has given heart to the euro bulls.

On the other side, the US dollar has its own problems, with national debt still expanding, and the economy still just about keeping steady and with the assistance of continued QE (money printing) by the Fed.

But although that would appear bullish toward the euro, we know that when everyone thinks one way, the markets make their turns.

This is the picture as I see it: the market has made a 78% retrace of the big move up from the 1.28 lows. The move up from July has a clear A-B-C pattern, suggesting this is a counter-trend move and when wave C terminates, the next big move will be down.

13-9-27-MWT-2

Let's now zoom in for a close-up:

13-9-27-MWT-3

I have a superb tramline pair. The lower line has at least four touch points, and the upper line, although only having one touch point (the major high), has a lovely prior pivot point (PPP). It also has a slight overshoot similar to the one in the GBP/USD chart and with the same implications.

Advertisement
Advertisement - Article continues below

And yesterday, the market broke the lower tramline. That is a bearish signal, because according to the tramline trading rules a tramline break like this, following a big run, is a shorting signal.

This morning, the market is attempting a tramline kiss.

That is my first tramline pair.

GBP/USD

13-9-25-MWT-2

It shows my superb tramline pair (with upper PPP). It shows the overshoot above the upper tramline (giving an initial sell signal), and a price target at the lower tramline.

This is the current chart:

13-9-27-MWT-5

This morning's rally is still within the confines of the trading channel, but a sharp move above would cancel out my tramlines.

Advertisement
Advertisement - Article continues below

Meanwhile, I have a break-even stop on my short trade.

So while the GBP/USD gave a sell signal on the overshoot of the upper tramline, EUR/USD has been trading weaker and has broken its lower tramline.

This sets up the intriguing idea of a trade in EUR/GBP!

EUR/GBP

13-9-27-MWT-6

From the 2011 high, the market has declined to last summer's low and then rallied to the precise 78% Fibonacci retrace. That is very pretty.

Since then, it has been in a trading range, but now appears to be testing my support shelf. A break here would be bearish, of course.

Here is the latest action on the hourly chart:

13-9-27-MWT-7

I have a lovely tramline trio the upper two lines have good PPPs and the lower one has just been broken in overnight trading.

Advertisement
Advertisement - Article continues below

This means my support shelf is in danger of being broken. The trend remains down.

And in currencies, the trend is usually your friend.

Advertisement

Recommended

Visit/trading/spread-betting/600782/boeings-share-price-plummets-heres-how-to-play-it
Spread betting

Boeing's share price plummets: here's how to play it

Boeing shares have fallen by a third this year. But there could be worse to come. Matthew Partridge explains how traders should play it
10 Feb 2020
Visit/519524/how-my-2019-spreadbetting-tips-fared
Share tips

How my 2019 spreadbetting tips fared

Matthew Partridge reviews performance of his 2019 spreadbetting tips. This year’s winners include Bellway, JD Sports and Taylor Wimpey.
17 Dec 2019
Visit/519285/bettingon-politics-some-safe-labour-bets
Spread betting

Betting on politics: some safe Labour bets

Matthew Partridge outlines a few flutters on what should be safe Labour seats in the general election.
10 Dec 2019
Visit/518916/ds-smith-will-deliver
Spread betting

DS Smith will deliver: here's how to play the share price

Packaging group DS Smith is profiting from the online retail boom. Matthew Partridge explains how traders can play the share price.
3 Dec 2019

Most Popular

Visit/investments/property/house-prices/600840/the-biggest-risk-facing-the-uk-housing-market-right-now
House prices

The biggest risk facing the UK housing market right now

For house prices to stagnate or even fall would be healthy for the property market, says John Stepek. But there is a distinct danger that isn't going …
17 Feb 2020
Visit/economy/uk-economy/600824/how-the-bbc-can-survive-the-end-of-the-tv-licence
UK Economy

How the BBC can survive the end of the TV licence

The TV licence that funds the BBC is looking way past its sell-by date, says Matthew Lynn. Here's how it could survive without it
16 Feb 2020
Visit/economy/600838/money-minute-monday-17-february-good-news-ahead-for-the-uk-economy
Economy

Money Minute Monday 17 February: good news ahead for the UK economy?

Today's Money Minute looks to a week in which we get the latest employment and inflation numbers, plus retail figures for January and a slew of eurozo…
17 Feb 2020
Visit/investments/commodities/600729/the-rare-earth-metal-that-wont-be-a-secret-for-long
Sponsored

The rare earth metal that won't be a secret for long

SPONSORED CONTENT – You can’t keep a good thing hidden forever; now is the time to consider Pensana Rare Earths and the rare earth metals NdPr.
31 Jan 2020