Advertisement

Country's current account

A country's balance of payments - its financial situation relative to the world - is made up of the current account and the capital account...

A country's balance of payments - its financial situation relative to the world - is made up of the current account and the capital account. The current account measures the flows of actual goods and services in and out of the country, recording earnings from exports minus expenditure on imports. If a country sells more by value than it buys, it is running a current-account surplus. If the reverse is true, it will have a deficit.

Advertisement - Article continues below

To make up the difference, it will have to sell assets, encourage foreign investment, or increase its foreign debt. In theory, if a country is running a deficit, demand for its currency will fall (and so will its value), making imports more expensive and exports cheaper, balancing things out.

Advertisement
Advertisement

Recommended

Visit/glossary/bonds
Glossary

Bonds

A bond is a type of IOU issued by a government, local authority or company to raise money.
19 May 2020
Visit/spending-it/glossary/601300/quantitative-investing
Glossary

Quantitative investing

Quantitative investing uses sophisticated computer-based mathematical models to identify and carry out trades.
8 May 2020
Visit/glossary/quantitative-easing-qe
Glossary

Quantitative easing (QE)

Quantitative easing (QE) involves electronically expanding a central bank's balance sheet.
8 May 2020
Visit/glossary/600702/emerging-markets
Glossary

Emerging markets

An emerging market is an economy that is becoming wealthier and more advanced, but is not yet classed as "developed".
24 Jan 2020

Most Popular

Visit/investments/stockmarkets/601423/as-full-lockdown-ends-what-are-the-risks-for-investors
Stockmarkets

As full lockdown ends, what are the risks for investors?

In the UK and elsewhere, people are gradually being let off the leash as the lockdown begins to end. John Stepek looks at what risks remain for invest…
29 May 2020
Visit/economy/global-economy/601420/james-ferguson-the-virus-the-lockdown-and-what-comes-next
Global Economy

The MoneyWeek Podcast: James Ferguson on the virus, the lockdown, and what comes next

Merryn talks to MoneyWeek regular James Ferguson of Macrostrategy Partnership about what's happened so far with the virus; whether the lockdown was th…
28 May 2020
Visit/investments/property/601411/can-the-uk-housing-market-escape-a-slump
Property

Can the UK housing market escape a slump?

The Bank of England is predicting a 16% slump in house prices.
29 May 2020