Advertisement

India's economy will regain its footing

The emerging-market sell-off has engulfed India, but the big picture remains encouraging, and India should ride out this squall.

914_MW_P05_markets
Indian PM Modi has a nose for growth

The emerging-market sell-off has engulfed India. The rupee has fallen by about 14% against the dollar this year, and further declines may lie ahead. When liquidity leaves emerging markets, countries with external deficits come under pressure, as these gaps need filling with foreign capital.

India's current-account deficit widened to $15.8bn, or 2.4% of GDP, during the second quarter. Oil imports are a key factor here, and with prices climbing, the value of imports has risen. The same goes for fuel costs for Indian consumers, resulting in nationwide protests.

Advertisement - Article continues below

Meanwhile, the government has announced measures to close the gap, including making it easier for foreign investors to access India and curbing some imports. Local reports suggest the electronics, petroleum and telecoms sectors could be affected.

Nevertheless, analysts think the government's interventions may not be enough to counteract ongoing fears about India's vulnerability to the US-China trade dispute and dwindling overall confidence in emerging markets, say Kiran Stacey and Alice Woodhouse in the Financial Times.

Storm in a teacup

India should ride out this squall, however. The big picture remains encouraging. The latest available national accounts data show economic growth accelerated in the first quarter to a two-year high of 7.7% year on year, according to Capital Economics. In the second quarter it "moderated a touch", but remained "very strong by the standards of the recent past". Vehicle production growth, for example, is still rising by almost 20% per year.

In the past decade the Indian economy has expanded by about 6% to 7% per year. Historically, it has suffered from red tape, over-regulation and inefficient tax collection.

Advertisement - Article continues below

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's administration has brought in various reforms to change that. The government has created the world's largest digital database, with more than one billion people registering their iris and fingerprint signatures. It has also replaced the many local and national sales taxes with one national goods and services tax (GST), similar to VAT, in an attempt to create a single market. These changes are a step in the right direction.

India's long-term prospects remain promising. It has a young population the median age is 28 and the middle class is expanding rapidly paving the way for a surge in consumption over the next few decades.

The big domestic market also means the country is less vulnerable to a downturn in global trade than most emerging markets. Exports make up just 18.9% of GDP. Our favourite Indian investment is the Aberdeen New India Investment Trust (LSE: ANII), which is on a 15% discount to net asset value.

Advertisement
Advertisement

Recommended

Bullish investors return to emerging markets
Stockmarkets

Bullish investors return to emerging markets

The ink had barely dried on the US-China trade deal before the bulls began pouring into emerging markets.
27 Jan 2020
Beware the hidden risks when investing in emerging markets
Investment strategy

Beware the hidden risks when investing in emerging markets

Emerging markets look cheap compared with developed countries, but earnings may be less trustworthy.
23 Dec 2019
How long can the good times roll?
Economy

How long can the good times roll?

Despite all the doom and gloom that has dominated our headlines for most of 2019, Britain and most of the rest of the developing world is currently en…
19 Dec 2019
Emerging markets: buy when the news is bad
Emerging markets

Emerging markets: buy when the news is bad

Emerging markets are being squeezed by local turmoil and by more general factors. But bad news can spell opportunity for investors.
5 Nov 2019

Most Popular

Eagle Lightweight GT: the reincarnation of the E-type Jag
Toys and gadgets

Eagle Lightweight GT: the reincarnation of the E-type Jag

Jaguar’s classic E-type sports car has been reinvented for the modern age. The result – the Eagle Lightweight GT – is a thing of beauty.
7 Aug 2020
Platinum: the precious metal that looks set to play catch-up with silver and gold
Silver and other precious metals

Platinum: the precious metal that looks set to play catch-up with silver and gold

Gold and silver continue to soar, but there's still time to get in. And there's another precious metal that looks set to go on a bull run too, says Jo…
7 Aug 2020
UK house prices hit a new record high – can it last?
House prices

UK house prices hit a new record high – can it last?

Despite the pandemic, UK house prices have hit a new high. John Stepek looks at what’s driving the surge in prices, and what it means for house prices…
7 Aug 2020