Ever since 1983, the Hong Kong dollar has been pegged to the US one. It is allowed to move in a narrow band between 7.85 and 7.75 to the greenback. In the past few days, the Hong Kong dollar has fallen towards the limit of 7.85, prompting the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) to spend a total of almost HK$15bn propping it up. It hasn't had to intervene since 2015 when it had to weaken its currency.
The peg means that Hong Kong has to match the Federal Reserve's interest-rate levels, says Christopher Beddor on Breakingviews. However, Hong Kong's banks are so awash with cash that local interbank lending rates are 1.2% below the equivalent US rates. Carry traders have rushed in to exploit the gap, borrowing Hong Kong dollars, selling them, and putting the money in higher-yielding US dollars. That strengthens the latter and weakens the Hong Kong dollar. The HKMA's selling of US dollars and purchases of Hong Kong dollars counteracts the trend and soaks up local liquidity, lowering interbank rates.
Episodes like this don't foreshadow the end of the peg.The HKMA has $440bn of foreign-exchange reserves, more than enough to nudge the local currency off the extremes. The tie to the US dollar has imported loose monetary policy, blowing up a property bubble in the territory. But scrapping the peg would make the Hong Kong dollar more volatile, says Jacky Wong in The Wall Street Journal, thereby adding to the cost of doing business for local and multinational firms based there. Hong Kong will probably move towards a peg with the yuan as the economy gradually converges with the mainland. But this is still many years away: there's no point in establishing a link with Beijing for now because the yuan isn't yet fully convertible. For now, the dollar peg is here to stay.
Andrew is the editor of MoneyWeek magazine. He grew up in Vienna and studied at the University of St Andrews, where he gained a first-class MA in geography & international relations.
After graduating he began to contribute to the foreign page of The Week and soon afterwards joined MoneyWeek at its inception in October 2000. He helped Merryn Somerset Webb establish it as Britain’s best-selling financial magazine, contributing to every section of the publication and specialising in macroeconomics and stockmarkets, before going part-time.
His freelance projects have included a 2009 relaunch of The Pharma Letter, where he covered corporate news and political developments in the German pharmaceuticals market for two years, and a multiyear stint as deputy editor of the Barclays account at Redwood, a marketing agency.
Andrew has been editing MoneyWeek since 2018, and continues to specialise in investment and news in German-speaking countries owing to his fluent command of the language.
From oil to copper: how to trade wisely when capitalising on mega trends
By MoneyWeek Published
Thousands of pensioners forced to claim back huge amounts in emergency tax
Some retirees are losing more than £50,000 in emergency tax when they withdraw money from their pensions, which then has to be clawed back from HMRC.
By Ruth Emery Published