Shinzo Abe won a clear victory in Japan's snap election last Sunday, and is now on course to be Japan's longest-serving prime minister, says Richard Lloyd Parry in The Times. His Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) took 281 of the 465 seats in the Diet.
Together with the seats won by its coalition partner, Komeito, this gives the government the "super-majority" needed to call a referendum on changes to Japan's pacifist constitution: the "passionatewish of the prime minister and many of his conservative supporters".
Abe's ostensible justification for calling an early election was to have a mandate to deal with a nuclear-armed North Korea, which has threatened to "sink" Japan, but his timing wasopportunistic and propitious, says Robin Harding in the Financial Times.
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The opposition Democratic Party, in disarray at the time of Abe's announcement, disbanded a week later, freeing candidates to seek a nomination from the Party of Hope, a new party created by Yuriko Koike, the governor of Tokyo. However, Koike then decided to impose a "purity" test on candidates, brutally excluding any of who failed it, which led to apublicbacklash.
The truth is that there was little alternative to the LDP, says The Wall Street Journal. This, combined with low voter turnout of barely 54%, leaves Abe with a strong electoral mandate but a disaffected public. A poll just before the election found that 51% of Japanese opposed his re-election. He may be a "safe pairs of hands", but his desire to revise Japan's pacifist constitution is unpopular.
While growth has risen of late, some of his government's promised structural reforms designed to boost the economy's long-term growth rate have not materialised. Without the North Korean threat, he may well have lost the election.
The Japanese worry that the US might not retaliate for an attack on Tokyo in case it puts their country at risk, and China has stoked enmity with Japan over the disputed Senkaku Islands. "If Xi Jinping doesn't want Japan to rearm, he can cut off Kim Jong-un's food and oil lifelines. Otherwise the balance of power in northeast Asia will shift in ways China won't like."
Emily has extensive experience in the world of journalism. She has worked on MoneyWeek for more than 20 years as a former assistant editor and writer. Emily has previously worked on titles including The Times as a Deputy Features Editor, Commissioning Editor at The Independent Sunday Review, The Daily Telegraph, and she spent three years at women's lifestyle magazine Marie Claire as a features writer for three years, early on in her career.
On MoneyWeek, Emily’s coverage includes Brexit and global markets such as Russia and China. Aside from her writing, Emily is a Nutritional Therapist and she runs her own business called Root Branch Nutrition in Oxfordshire, where she offers consultations and workshops on nutrition and health.
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