Greece and its creditors, the IMF, the European Central Bank (ECB) and the European Union, have agreed a draft €86bn, three-year bailout. In return for passing a series of reforms this week, including VAT increases for the Aegean islands and a commitment to ending early retirement for workers in their 50s, Greece will get new funding, allowing it to meet next week's payment to the ECB.
The deal, which must be approved by the German parliament next week, will see Greece aim for looser fiscal targets than the creditors first wanted. It is aiming for a primary budget deficit (before interest payments) of 0.25% this year, instead of a 3% surplus. An independently monitored fund is to raise €50bn to recapitalise banks and cut debt.
What the commentators said
We may have a deal, said Jordan Weissmann on slate.com, but the fiscal targets remain unrealistic. The creditors are pencilling in annual primary surpluses of 3.5% for several years from 2018 onwards. But "countries rarely manage that sort of restraint, and politically, the ones that do tend not to look a whole lot like Greece".
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And that's assuming the GDP growth estimates the fiscal targets are based on are remotely realistic, added Capital Economics. In fact, they're a "fantasy". Capital controls have starved the economy of money and caused activity to collapse. GDP is set to shrink "by 4% or worse", double the pace reportedly factored into the bailout projections.
The deal will "unravel" before the three years are up. Greece will only avoid the threat of "Grexit" if some of its borrowing is written off, said Robert Peston on the BBC. Debt relief is due to be discussed in the autumn. But the EU will be loath to concede much for fear of encouraging populists elsewhere to take arms against Brussels in hope of emulating Greece. Don't expect a "happy ending".
Andrew is the editor of MoneyWeek magazine. He grew up in Vienna and studied at the University of St Andrews, where he gained a first-class MA in geography & international relations.
After graduating he began to contribute to the foreign page of The Week and soon afterwards joined MoneyWeek at its inception in October 2000. He helped Merryn Somerset Webb establish it as Britain’s best-selling financial magazine, contributing to every section of the publication and specialising in macroeconomics and stockmarkets, before going part-time.
His freelance projects have included a 2009 relaunch of The Pharma Letter, where he covered corporate news and political developments in the German pharmaceuticals market for two years, and a multiyear stint as deputy editor of the Barclays account at Redwood, a marketing agency.
Andrew has been editing MoneyWeek since 2018, and continues to specialise in investment and news in German-speaking countries owing to his fluent command of the language.
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