All you need to know about the €100bn Spanish bail-out

If you think Britain can watch the euro debacle unfold from the safety of the sidelines, think again, says Bengt Saelensminde. It's time to prepare your portfolio for the worst.

It's rarely worth your while salivating too long over financial news. It goes stale very quickly.

What really counts is trying to understand the knock-on effects of today's news. Think about it in terms of snooker. It's not potting the red that counts, it's where the white ball ends up that's most important.

Today I want to show you where the €100bn Spanish bank bail-out leaves the cue-ball.Many of us consider ourselves lucky to be out of the euro debacle and spectating from the sidelines. But underneath it all, I suspect you feel inextricably linked to this mess.

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And from what I can see, the knock-on effect of the Spanish bank bail-out is heading our way.

A fascinating Ponzi scheme

The euro saga is fascinating to watch. I honestly believe that we'll look back at these financial crisis years and wonder how things were ever allowed to escalate so badly.

Today we laugh at the incessant euro-fudging and can-kicking. No sooner is a solution proposed (and the can kicked), than another problem rears its head.

MoneyWeek videosWhat is the LTRO?The 'long-term refinancing operation' is supposed to stop a massive European credit crunch. Here's how it works.Watch all of Tim's videos here

I mean, the long-term refinancing operation(LTRO) idea was supposed to kick the can into the long-grass for at least a few years. Yet it barely lasted a few months. LTRO was the package where the ECB gave banks practically free money for three years or so. But I guess the markets saw through that one!

Then this weekend the latest can-kick was aimed at the Spanish banks. How long did that last? Not months, not weeks, not even days...

Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy was so elated with his fantastic bank bail-out that he flew off to watch his team play Italy in the European Championshipson Sunday. It's always the same. The euro-guys make some big song and dance and appear totally cock-a-hoop with their fantastic' solutions. Then the whole enterprise collapses.

Spain's IBEX stormed upwards by some 5% as markets opened on Monday. Yet, by the end of the trading day, the index actually finished in negative territory. It didn't take long for the markets to work out what was wrong...

Suddenly reality dawned on investors...

The problem in Europe is the same as for the rest of the West. Debt. I'll try to put things simply

Like us, they have too many long-term commitments. The assets of one (ostensibly pensions and savings) are the liabilities of another. And in reality, there's nothing tangible there to back up these future claims/commitments.

Financial savings come down to promises. That is a promise that tomorrow's taxpayers and borrowers will make good on their commitments to fellow savers and pensioners.

Never before have we seen such a massive experiment in financial claims. I guess, never before have we seen such a massive contingent of retirees in society.

But the problem is and it's what I always like to emphasise financial promises are only ever as good as the faith in them.

What we have seen in Europe is the dissolution of faith in financial promises, or if you like, the financial system'.

It makes no difference what kind of can-kicking is undertaken. It only ever amounts to the same thing. And that is, pushing financial claims from one guy to another. And the more the problem gets passed around, the more faith in the financial system is damaged..

So far we've seen the problem pass between private banks, individual governments, EU institutions and then back to the banks as they buy up ever dodgier government bonds.

But if Spanish banks can't make good on their promises, why should Spanish taxpayers? And if Spanish taxpayers won't make good on their promises, then why should EU institutions? And if EU institutions won't make good on their promises, then why should taxpayers in other EU countries?

You see how this can-kicking can't ever work?

Come Monday morning, the €100bn loan to Spain had added a further 10% to itsnational debt. It's obvious that isn't good news for Spain. And so all the bluster of the political elite was blown away within hours of the markets opening on Monday morning.

And the burden moves ever closer to the UK

You may remember a few weeks ago when I said I could see exactly why France is fanatical about keeping Spain in the euro. French banks have loaned Spain around €41bn. And the French don't want to see their investments go pear-shaped.

Well, now let me show you the UK's big concern...

The UK banks' massive exposure to Ireland


Source: BBC

Now, if France was concerned about the €41bn it's lent Spain, then where does that leave us with over €104bn of loans to Ireland?

And here's the thing. Following revelations that Spain is getting what looks like a free-ride on a €100bn loan direct from the eurozone, many Irish are up in arms.

Post 2008, the Irish bailed out their banks. And it was ostensibly to save all the other nations that had lent to them. They were forced into seeking loans from the IMF and those loans came with one big proviso AUSTERITY.

And of course now the Irish are upset. Why should there be one rule for Spain, and another for Ireland?

Many want to renegotiate the whole thing. Others just want to renege on the whole IMF deal. They want to dump their commitments to bail out their banks. Why bother? Just so that the likes of the UK banks are made whole?

My advice stay defensive

With every contortion of the eurozoneit gets weaker. And at some point I see it dragging the UK into its vortex.

As I say, it's fascinating to watch this debacle unfold right in front of our eyes. BUT we mustn't get complacent. This is likely to affect us more than many realise.

My investments remain defensive. Recently I said that I'm 25% invested in high yield bonds that's because this debacle could play out for years and I still want some income in the meantime.

I'm 25% commodities, which includes precious metals... the ultimate hedge against financial catastrophe.

And because of my defensive stance, I'm staying 25% cash.

I'm not saying eurogeddon will necessarily happen. But I do think it's prudent to prepare for the worst. To my mind a nasty endgame is playing out right under our noses. The knock-on effects of what's happening in the eurozone could be very dangerous for UK investors.

This article is taken from the free investment email The Right side. Sign up to The Right Side here.

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Bengt graduated from Reading University in 1994 and followed up with a master's degree in business economics.


He started stock market investing at the age of 13, and this eventually led to a job in the City of London in 1995. He started on a bond desk at Cantor Fitzgerald and ended up running a desk at stockbroker's Cazenove.


Bengt left the City in 2000 to start up his own import and beauty products business which he still runs today.