28 August 1837: Lea & Perrins begin making Worcestershire sauce

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Worcestershire sauce: a gift to gastronomy

Worcestershire sauce is without doubt one of Britain’s greatest gifts to world gastronomy. For a sauce that is as much a symbol of Britishness as it is a condiment, it’s fitting that its origins are somewhat shrouded in legend. And indeed, the creation story behind Worcestershire sauce is a colourful one.

Sometime around the mid-1830s, so the story goes, Lord Sandys returned to Worcestershire from Bengal, where he had served as governor. Finding the local palate a little bland for his exotic tastes, he dug out an old recipe he’d brought back from India.

It says a lot about 19th century British attitudes to cooking that Lord Sandys took his recipe not to a cook, but to a pair of chemists. Showing Mr John Wheeley Lea and Mr William Henry Perrins the recipe, he asked them to whip up a batch. Lea and Perrins replied that they’d give it a whirl.

When Lord Sandys returned to try the concoction, he found the results disgusting. Lea and Perrins shrugged it off and left the jars of Worcestershire sauce to sit in the cellar, gathering dust.

A couple of years later, the bottles were rediscovered during a spring clean. The jars were on the point of being tipped out when Lea and Perrins gave in to their curiosity and gave the foul liquid another taste. The sauce, they found, had mellowed in flavour and was delicious.

Another version of the story has Lady Sandys in need of some curry powder. A visiting novelist with India connections gave her a recipe, which she handed to Lea and Perrins to make up. Someone along the way had the brainwave of adding water to the powder and making it into a sauce.

Either way, Lea & Perrins Worcestershire Sauce became a huge success. On 28 August 1837, manufacturing of the sauce began, and the first bottles went on sale the following year. And it wasn’t just a hit in Britain. Boatloads of the stuff were shipped off to America and across the Empire – reminding many a far-flung Briton of home.

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  • If you read the article and examine the photo, you will see that Lea and Perrins made a product called Worcestershire Sauce. Do read your own scribble!

    I read your article about Lea and Perrins where you have fallen into the trap of not reading what you have written.
    The product was, is and always will be Worcestershire Sauce. I will leave the firm itself to be rude about it to you!

    • Moderator

      If…

      You are quite correct, of course. We’ve put that right now.

    • Chris Carter

      In fact, both ‘Worcestershire’ and ‘Worcester’ are correct spellings when writing about the sauce in the generic sense, as stated by the OED. I chose the shorter spelling, because it’s closer to the way it is pronounced in Britain. In America, for instance, it’s common to pronounce it ‘Worcestershire’. However, where I mention the actual finished Lea & Perrins product in the final paragraph, I wrote ‘Worcestershire’ in full, because it is part of the brand name.

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