Recently, I came across a wonderful quote in an investment book that encapsulates the attitude of a trader, rather than that of an investor. A trader must use some degree of intuition to pre-empt the number-crunching of the investment analysts: “Some of us are here today because one of our ancestors started running when the birds stopped singing, instead of waiting until he could count the precise number of Viking invaders.”
What a wonderful indictment of the overthinking that so often masquerades as insightful analysis.
An investor will spend a great deal of time and effort with the numbers to try to figure out if a particular investment is undervalued – and if so, by how much. But what is usually missing from such analysis is a consideration of the state of market sentiment. In a rapidly falling market where sentiment is deteriorating, previously ‘undervalued’ shares can become even more under-valued, as was discovered in 2007–2009.
I have long maintained that traders and investors alike could improve the timing of their entries (and crucially, exits) if they studied the impact sentiment has on the markets.
Nothing’s more important than sentiment – just look at China
Whether you are a trader or an investor, you are missing a trick if you ignore market sentiment.
One vivid example of this is being displayed by the Chinese stock market, which I have quoted in recent emails. The much-publicised collapse by around 35% in the Shanghai Index to the July 9 low has filled some traders with panic. But it was met by a relief rally in a typical A-B-C counter-trend form:
Three other decisions made by the authorities were also well-publicised: the decision to ban short selling, the decision to ban large accounts from selling and the decision to halt trading in more than 1,400 issues. Oh, and the decision to assemble a big bazooka fund of $480bn to buy shares on margin.
I guess a communist government can do that and get away with it. But will it turn fearful traders into hopeful ones?
My point is that the rally has, according to reports, encouraged some traders/gamblers to try to regain their losses by ‘buying the dip’ in imitation of their US counterparts in the hedge fund sector. That latter strategy has been wildly successful – at least it was up to end-2014.
But are the Chinese authorities, with their extreme market-propping activities, pushing on a string? Is the overwhelming appetite to gamble in the Shanghai casino on the wane?
The sentiment picture is just as unclear in the West
The travails of the Chinese investors/gamblers have reminded me of one pithy definition of an investment: “It is a short-term speculation gone wrong”.
But are Western stockmarkets as confused as the Shanghai Composite?
Let’s examine a couple of key technical straws in the wind.
Exhibit A: NYSE advance/decline is falling rapidly
In a healthy bull market, the majority of equities in a wide range of industries will be participating in the advance, and advances will outnumber declines. But that’s not the case in the Dow.
The advance/decline figure reached its high in early-2013 when the Dow was trading around the 14,000 area and since then, the advance/decline line has been falling hard while the Dow has advanced by around 30%.
(chart courtesy www.elliottwave.com)
The Dow made its high on May 19 at the 18,360 level (currently 17,700) when the advance/decline line was dropping through the zero line (equal number of advances and declines). But since then, the number of advances has dropped sharply, while the index has remained elevated. This shows that the rally army is being led by fewer and fewer generals. That is unhealthy and shows that risk is being taken off the table. Only a dwindling number of issues are keeping the index aloft.
Exhibit B: short-term interest rates are on the rise
Under the radar of most pundits, who are still obsessing over whether the Fed will raise rates and when, real-world rates are already on the rise. Here is the chart of the three-month T-bill yield:
This rate is for the most common ultra-safe T-bill offered by the US Treasury. It is a relatively open market with honest price discovery (that is, not manipulated by the Fed) and from a sleep-inducing range over the past few months, the yield has suddenly shot up from 0.010% to the recent 0.080% – a massive gain of 800% within two or three weeks! That’s what I call a bull market breakout in yield.
Many factors could be involved here, but one thing is clear: it lends support to the US dollar – and is potentially bearish for assets including equities, because it is showing risk is being taken out of the system and funds are being sent into safer areas.
Here is the updated hourly chart: