My surgical strike in the euro

When markets hit big turning points, hedge funds – which comprise the larger group of speculators – are generally caught wrong-footed, pointing in the wrong direction with a huge imbalance in holdings of long versus short futures.

In other words, at major lows, they hold a huge plurality of shorts over longs and vice versa. I use this phenomenon to help me identify likely trend changes.

Hedge funds are, in general, trend-followers. If they believe a downtrend remains in place, they will keep shorting it even though a new uptrend may have started. Only when there is undeniable evidence that the trend has changed – when the market is trading much higher – will they amend their behaviour – provided their peers agree!

It is usually a career-threatening move for a hedge fund or bank analyst to go against the ‘party line’. Contrarians are not usually rewarded for their independence of thought.

But small traders have the luxury of trading without higher-ups breathing down their necks.

Hedgies only see the euro going down – that’s good news for swing traders

In the euro, we have had one heck of a trend in the downward direction since the 1.60 high in 2008 – a full seven years ago. That is plenty of time for the market to get used to the mantra that the euro will forever weaken.

As the euro has approached parity with the dollar in recent days, the chorus of euro bears has been stridently willing the market down – I have even seen forecasts for a 0.85 target, which is precisely where the euro started life as a traded currency in 1999.

At these major changes of trend, examination of the commitment of traders (COT) data becomes extremely useful for a swing trader. That is why I was anticipating last Friday’s data on the euro with more interest that usual.

We are lucky to have the COT data on the major US futures markets to give us an accurate breakdown of the long and short holdings of the various groups, speculators and commercials.

Recall last week (Trader post of 23 March), I showed the COT data for the week ending Tuesday 17 March:

Non-commercial Commercial Total Non-reportable positions
long short spreads long short long short long short
CONTRACTS OF EUR 125,000 Open interest: 449,508
56,329 250,103 7,806 348,754 101,065 412,889 358,974 36,619 90,534
Changes from 10/3/15 (Change in open interest: -46,957)
-4,942 7,759 -17,385 -20,896 -35,105 -45,223 -44,731 -3,734 -2,226
Percent of open interest for each category of traders
12.5 55.6 1.7 77.6 22.5 91.9 79.9 8.1 20.1
Number of traders in each category (Total traders: 191)
49 103 30 48 57 112 176


Hedge funds were piling into shorts. This is the data one week later (on Tuesday 24 March):

Non-commercial Commercial Total Non-reportable positions
long short spreads long short long short long short
(Contracts of EUR 125,000) Open interest: 460,950
50,148 271,111 6,291 366,788 94,933 423,227 372,335 37,723 88,615
Changes from 03/17/15 (Change in open interest: 11,442)
-6,181 21,008 -1,515 18,034 -6,132 10,338 13,361 1,104 -1,919
Percent of open in terest for each category of traders
10.9 58.8 1.4 79.6 20.6 91.8 80.8 8.2 19.2
Number of traders in each category (Total traders: 240)
51 104 30 53 55 120 174


Hedge fund managers were growing more bearish still. Since last Tuesday, they’ve swung even more markedly to the bearish side, despite the very large rally off the 13 March low.

That is quite unusual – heavy speculator-selling does not normally go hand-in-hand with a decent rally.

Funds are dead-set on a bear market – that’s how bull markets start

My updated hourly chart shows that, in the week to 17 March, hedgies increased shorts/decreased longs only mildly and the market traded modestly lower on the week.

But last week, where the market zoomed higher by 200 pips, hedgies aggressively shorted into the rally. In fact, they increased shorts by over 8% and decreased longs by 14% – a massive vote for this being a normal rally in an ongoing downtrend.

EUR/USD spread betting chart

That is how bull markets start. Traders have made big money by shorting euro rallies, so why stop now? After all, Greece is about to be thrown out of the euro and contagion will follow as night follows day; the euro will become ‘worthless trash’, as so many said about the dollar back in 2012-2013.

I took a long trade in the 1.06 area, but as I wrote in my 23 March post, “the path won’t be smooth”. My upside target will not be easy to reach.

That is why I took partial profits at the 1.1030 level last Thursday for a tasty 400 pips profit. I now have my protective stop at break even on the remainder of my position.

Of course, the hedgies may be proved correct and the market could fall to parity – and beyond. Anything is possible in the markets. But as a swing trader, I took advantage of a temporary weakness in the very old and tired bear trend and made a good profit in a surgical strike.

That is precisely what swing traders try to do – we do not want to bet the farm on a long-range forecast; too many traders lose big money by doing just that.

Consider this: the EUR/USD is trading at the same level it was seven years ago. A long-term investment would today be producing zero gain. But in the meantime, there have been several huge swings, which could have been traded for massive gains. I rest my case.