Advertisement
Features

Britain’s wages are rising – and about time too

Wages in Britain have been low for a long time. But they’re finally on the rise. That’s good for workers, good for productivity and good for our public finances.

181113-wages
We all need a pay rise and we may now finally be getting one

In 2014, Prospect magazine ran a story headlined "2014: Year of the Pay Rise." Skill shortages, falling unemployment, confident unions and a better business environment mean that UK workers would soon see more pounds in their pockets, said the writers. They didn't.

However, it turns out that in 2018, they might. Numbers out today show that UK wage rises are running at a 10-year high.

Advertisement - Article continues below

Last week, the Financial Times published a piece commiserating with companies "finding it harder to find the right workers." With the unemployment rate now at 4% it seems that low unemployment is finally beginning to get wages moving JD Wetherspoon, Royal Mail and Ryanair have all been complaining about rising labour costs, for example and according to the FT the sectors that are feeling it the most are IT, construction, healthcare and hospitality.

Overall, seven in ten employers now say they are having difficulty in hiring workers, something that means the UK is suffering from "supply shock" says the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (based on a survey of 1,000 companies).

Rising wages are good for workers, productivity and public finances

There are a few important points to make here. The first is that when employers say they are having trouble hiring, odds are they mean "trouble hiring at the price we used to pay." Wages have been very low in the UK for a long time now and not rising anywhere near as fast as most people would like. You can blame all sorts of things for this the tax credit system, which tops wages up and so lets companies off the living wage hook, and the huge influx of unskilled EU workers from 2004 on, perhaps but either way the fact that supply is now tight and wages are rising as a result should be seen as a good thing. It might be painful for some companies, but workers will, I suspect, file it firmly under "about time too".

Advertisement - Article continues below
Advertisement
Advertisement - Article continues below

The second point to make is that rising wages should be great news for our productivity rising labour costs will encourage corporations to invest in labour-saving equipment (this also comes under "about time too").

And finally, rising wages will be brilliant for public finances. Over the last decade the expansion of the tax credit system (soon to be part of universal credit) means that today there are more working households of prime working age (25-44) who are receiving cash benefits than own their own homes. Today, more than half of all Britons receive more in benefits and benefits-in-kind than they pay in tax, while some 750,000-odd households get thousands of pounds in tax credits even while earning over £20,000 a year (and remember that tax credits are tax-free income). Add it all up, says Ed Conway in The Times, in agreement with a view we have held here for a long time now, (see here, for example) and you will see that the UK is now more a "welfare democracy" than a home-owning one.

Advertisement - Article continues below

You could argue that this dynamic has been good for the UK since the crisis if the benefits system hadn't been meeting the difference between a warehouse wage and a living one, we wouldn't have been able to keep our low-wage sectors and hence our economy ticking over for the last ten years. We'd also have seen rises in income inequality (which we haven't).

But however you feel about it (I suspect it is the root of our productivity problem) wages rising enough to shift workers outside the cash benefits system is, by any measure, a good thing not a bad thing.

The final thing to think about is recruitment policy. A big part of the problem in the hospitality industry comes down to demographics, Kate Nicholls of Hospitality UK told the FT. About half the workers in the sector are under 30 and there are "far fewer 18 to 24 year olds entering the job market because of a dip in the birthrate around the turn of the millennium." There is, she says, "a shortage of bodies." Is there? Really?

The question that the industry might want to ask themselves is whether they might want to widen their searches a little. The hospitality industry lends itself beautifully to part-time working, something that works very well for older workers. Given that most of us remain pretty healthy well into our 70s these days (longevity isn't making old age longer, it is making middle age longer), why not start actively aiming to recruit the over 60s in to work part time? Win win surely?

PS If we are lucky in the UK, we will soon get to the stage they are at in Japan. There, new jobs are so plentiful and seemingly well paid that a new business has started. Pay them $440 and they will call and resign from your old job if you are too embarrassed (or too lazy) to do it yourself.

Advertisement
Advertisement

Recommended

How long can the good times roll?
Economy

How long can the good times roll?

Despite all the doom and gloom that has dominated our headlines for most of 2019, Britain and most of the rest of the developing world is currently en…
19 Dec 2019
Beyond the Brexit talk, the British economy isn’t doing too badly
Economy

Beyond the Brexit talk, the British economy isn’t doing too badly

The political Brexit pantomime aside, Britain is in pretty good shape. With near-record employment, strong wage growth and modest inflation, there is …
17 Oct 2019
Five ways to boost the economy
UK Economy

Five ways to boost the economy

Boris Johnson is making a bonfire of planning red tape. Here Matthew Lynn proposes some more rules for the flames.
9 Aug 2020
UK house prices hit a new record high – can it last?
House prices

UK house prices hit a new record high – can it last?

Despite the pandemic, UK house prices have hit a new high. John Stepek looks at what’s driving the surge in prices, and what it means for house prices…
7 Aug 2020

Most Popular

Eagle Lightweight GT: the reincarnation of the E-type Jag
Toys and gadgets

Eagle Lightweight GT: the reincarnation of the E-type Jag

Jaguar’s classic E-type sports car has been reinvented for the modern age. The result – the Eagle Lightweight GT – is a thing of beauty.
7 Aug 2020
Platinum: the precious metal that looks set to play catch-up with silver and gold
Silver and other precious metals

Platinum: the precious metal that looks set to play catch-up with silver and gold

Gold and silver continue to soar, but there's still time to get in. And there's another precious metal that looks set to go on a bull run too, says Jo…
7 Aug 2020
UK house prices hit a new record high – can it last?
House prices

UK house prices hit a new record high – can it last?

Despite the pandemic, UK house prices have hit a new high. John Stepek looks at what’s driving the surge in prices, and what it means for house prices…
7 Aug 2020