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Brutal is the only world to describe last week's sell-off in Asia and around the world. Terrified investors are dumping stocks without regard for fundamentals. Value has gone out the window - all they care about is the safety of government bonds.
So it sounds bizarre to say that things are not all that bad. But they're not. Harrowing though these drops are, a plunge like this is better than the alternative. Since the US crisis is continuing to drag down otherwise healthy markets, a short, vicious sell-off is better than a multi-year bear market. The sooner we reach the point of maximum panic, the better.
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After all, one man's panic is another man's opportunity. While we certainly wouldn't recommend going all-in on the market while this chaos still rages, Asian stocks have been hammered down to an outstanding buying opportunity
Asia is now looking very cheap
Asian stocks have been hit harder than any region by this sell-off. The MSCI Asia ex Japan index fell as low as 308, erasing three years of gains.
That puts the index on a price/book ratio just above the 1.1-1.3 range, which has often been the bottom in previous bear markets. (Book value is a firm's assets minus its liabilities. Looking at price/book is generally a more useful way of assessing when a market might bottom than the price/earnings ratio, since earnings tend to fall sharply during a downturn, while book value should be little changed.)
To be fair, the AxJ has bottomed significantly lower twice between 0.8 and 0.9 during both the 1997-98 Asian financial crisis and the 1982 panic sparked by speculation over Hong Kong's future after the handover to China. But both of those were Asia-specific shocks, while today's problems come from elsewhere in the world. Since Asia is fundamentally healthy this time, it probably doesn't deserve to be valued at those rock-bottom levels.
None of this says the market can't plunge lower. In this highly-charged environment, what happens in the next couple of weeks is anyone's guess. But at these prices, Asia looks like outstanding value for investors who have a long-term focus and can cope with the volatility and risks of the next few months.
Three reasons to be bullish on Asia
That's because Asia is in the best shape of any region in the world once this panic is over. First, Asia doesn't have the huge debt burden that hangs over the rest of the world, meaning that Asian domestic demand can carry on growing over the next few years. On the other hand, the US, UK and large parts of Europe including formerly fast-growing Eastern Europe - are going to spend the next few years paying down huge amounts of debt, just like Japan did in the 90s.
Meanwhile, commodity prices are collapsing, as you can see from this chart of the CRB commodities index. That's good news for Asia, since most countries in the region import far more than they produce when it comes to natural resources.
Cheaper commodities mean there's now much less risk of inflation picking up even as central banks slash rates around the world to support growth. China, Hong Kong, India, South Korea and Taiwan all lowered rates this week and many more cuts will follow in the coming months.
Oil looks set to test $60-$70 a barrel, other fuels are coming off with it, copper is in freefall and most foodstuffs and base metals are down sharply from their highs. A broad-based retreat like this should both improve consumer confidence, since food is a much bigger part of living costs in developing Asia than in the West. It will also reduce construction costs crucial, since infrastructure investment is one way for governments to support growth and pump up the economy.
There is a downside to this Southeast Asia is an exporter of many commodities, so this means lower export earnings and smaller trade surpluses. But overall the result should be strongly positive. That leaves Asia in sharp contrast to South America, where many economies will be clobbered by falling commodity prices.
Finally, despite the US, UK and European recessions, Asia's exports shouldn't fall off a cliff. The region remains the lowest cost producer for many goods, and in tough times, people usually look for a cheaper solution, like Waitrose shoppers buying their baked beans in Lidl. So while Western consumers will cut back hard, Asia's price advantage could even see it gain market share.
Meanwhile, the oil cash that flowed into Russia and the Middle East should keep them buying Asia-made goods for quite a while. Yes, China's 30%-plus export growth is over for now - and hopefully for good, since the global economy needs to rebalance. But while Asia can't rely on exports for growth anymore, they won't disappear from the economy completely and leave a huge hole to be plugged.
Brace yourself for lower earnings
Despite this, we're going to have quite a bumpy ride over the next year or more, as the global economy adjusts. We're likely to see a big bounce in the markets in the next few weeks at least as long as the heavy artillery now being wheeled out by central banks has some effect. Given the extreme amount of fear in the markets at the moment, any signs that the crisis is abating should bring a big relief rally.
Such a rally would be global, not just in Asia. But we suspect that for Asia at least - a "double-dip" is quite likely, perhaps in the spring. The market might not go back to the lows that it touches this time round, but a big sell-off is definitely possible.
Why? Because earnings estimates remain much too high and when they come down it's likely to rattle the market again. Bloomberg consensus estimates for AxJ earnings over the next year are 31.52, down almost 8% on last year. That drop may look as if analysts are finally getting realistic, but history suggests not.
During 2000-03, earnings dropped around 50% peak to trough, as did the AxJ index itself. That probably won't happen this time: Asia is wealthier than it was back then, most countries are in better shape (that recession followed hot on the heels of the 1997-98 crisis) and domestic demand is a bigger part of their economies.
But they're certainly going to drop more than 8% - and we're likely to have another sell-off when the market realises it. That's exactly the pattern we saw in 2000-03 a sell-off after the dotcom bubble burst, a rally for several months, then another sell-off as earnings disappointed again. (The white line on the chart below is the AxJ, the green line is earnings per share.)
Once that's out of the way, Asia should be set. As we always warn at MoneyWeek, equities are volatile and investors should not be putting short-term cash in Asia or any stockmarket. But for longer-term investments five years or more Asia remains the most compelling story on the planet.
Turning to the markets
Almost every Asian market suffered a double-digit battering during the week-long storm, with Thailand worst hit after fresh clashes between police and anti-government protestors added to fears. The SET was shut for half an hour on Friday after dropping 10% during the day, while the Indonesian market was closed down both Thursday and Friday in an effort to stop the panic.
There were more signs that tight credit conditions are affecting companies, with steelmaker FerroChina suspended after the company said that it was unable to repay loans. FerroChina, which operates in China but is listed in Singapore, has stopped production at its mills while it negotiates with creditors and potential rescuers.
In Tokyo, New City Residence became the first Japanese real estate investment trust (Reit) to go bankrupt after being unable to refinance debt and raise loans for new purchases. The Japanese real estate sector is struggling with tight credit, higher construction costs and weaker demand, and New City's collapse comes after another 15 construction and property firms have already failed this year.
On the currency markets, the Japanese yen rose 5.5% against the dollar as worried speculators unwound carry trade positions (borrowing in low-interest rate yen to invest in higher-yielding assets elsewhere in the world). Most other Asian currencies slid as money fled emerging markets: the South Korean won slid to its lowest level since September 1998 on fears of liquidity problems in its banking system, before recovered slightly towards the end of the week as Korean authorities intervened to support the currency.
Cris Sholto Heaton is an investment analyst and writer who has been contributing to MoneyWeek since 2006 and was managing editor of the magazine between 2016 and 2018. He is especially interested in international investing, believing many investors still focus too much on their home markets and that it pays to take advantage of all the opportunities the world offers. He often writes about Asian equities, international income and global asset allocation.
Cris began his career in financial services consultancy at PwC and Lane Clark & Peacock, before an abrupt change of direction into oil, gas and energy at Petroleum Economist and Platts and subsequently into investment research and writing. In addition to his articles for MoneyWeek, he also works with a number of asset managers, consultancies and financial information providers.
He holds the Chartered Financial Analyst designation and the Investment Management Certificate, as well as degrees in finance and mathematics. He has also studied acting, film-making and photography, and strongly suspects that an awareness of what makes a compelling story is just as important for understanding markets as any amount of qualifications.
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