The weak dollar policy is back with a vengeance

The US economy is strong – plenty of jobs, booming manufacturing and rising inflation. John Stepek explains how to play the reflation trade.


Janet Yellen and Donald Trump are on the same page when it comes to interest rates

The US Federal Reserve held its first meeting since Donald Trump became president last night (there's already been one meeting since he was elected, but now it's official).

There were no fireworks. Nobody expected Fed chief Janet Yellen to raise interest rates, and it certainly didn't happen.

But one thing did become quite clear: regardless of how much they dislike each other, Trump and Yellen are singing from the same hymn sheet...

Janet and Donald should be best of friends

Trump was pretty dismissive of her in the run up to the election (although by his standards, his criticism of the Fed has been pretty tame). And Yellen is a Democrat, and closely identified with the Obama administration. So you wouldn't expect them to click.

And I'll be honest with you, I did wonder if Yellen was going to chuck a spanner in Trump's works. Just for fun.But after last night's meeting, I have to say that it doesn't look like it.

Let's be clear here: if Trump shouts and balls about the Fed occasionally, it's just because he's pandering to a particular section of the voter base. He'll talk about blowing up stockmarket bubbles and he'll criticise money printing because he knows that a certain group of voters respond to that.

But in reality, the last thing Trump would want is a hard currency. Or a strong dollar. Or a return to the gold standard. Or the end of the Fed.

As more than a few people have pointed out to me, Trump is a real-estate guy. Real-estate guys love low interest rates and cheap debt. They thrive on that stuff. This is not a man who is keen to see interest rates go up.

On top of that, he wants a manufacturing renaissance in America. Try doing that with a strong dollar. That's why his trade representative, Peter Navarro, was getting stroppy with Germany the other day and accusing them of reaping unfair benefits from the euro. (And there's some truth to what he says, whether you approve of how he said it or not.) They've also been targeting Japan's monetary policies.

So Trump wants two things: low rates and a weak dollar. That is exactly what Yellen has been striving to maintain for her entire time as Fed governor.

Since Alan Greenspan was in charge, the Fed has been terrified of doing anything that causes a triple-digit drop in the Dow Jones index. And Greenspan's successor Ben Bernanke was always very clear that the Great Depression was basically the Fed's fault. So there's a fundamental institutional and intellectual bias towards keeping monetary policy as loose as possible.

That means that Trump and Yellen are on the same page when it comes to rates. At the end of the day, whether she denies it or not, Yellen would much rather err on the side of caution and inflation, than risk raising interest rates too early and causing a deflationary crash.

The reflation trade

Rates didn't rise. And there wasn't any real change from the language used in December. The economy "continued to expand at a moderate pace". Job gains "remained solid". Inflation has gone up, but it's still below the US central bank's long-run 2% target.

Now, bear in mind that yesterday in the absence of any "fiscal stimulus" or anything else both employment data (the ADP payrolls not the main reading, but one that people do watch), and manufacturing data absolutely trounced expectations.Regardless of your feelings on what Trump means for the US, or the "authenticity" of the recovery, or anything else, the US economy is not running cold.

There are lots more people in jobs. Manufacturing is booming, if yesterday's data is anything to go by. And inflation is picking up.

For the Fed not to take much interest in this all suggests that Yellen is still keen to err on the side of caution (in other words, on the side of inflation) when it comes to raising interest rates.

The consensus was for a stronger dollar when the year started (just as it was in 2016). It was extremely hard to come up with reasons why that might not be correct. And yet,between the Fed playing it safe, and Team Trump's various attacks on the dollar, it looks like the consensus might be well, plain wrong yet again.

Don't get me wrong. I wouldn't be rushing out to stick on loads of currency trades based on this.The Fed can make various speeches between now and its next meeting in March, and tweak the market's expectations that way. And tomorrow's payroll data the jobless figures could change the market's mind again.

But it seems pretty conclusive to me that in the longer run, there's no change in policy here. The US will keep rates as low as it can for as long as it can, and the tightening won't start unless and until inflation becomes less politically palatable than a falling stock market.

I suspect that'll take a while. So stick with gold and your other reflationary trades. And try to ignore all the noise from Trump's direction.


The charts that matter: bond yields turn back up and a new bitcoin record
Global Economy

The charts that matter: bond yields turn back up and a new bitcoin record

Bitcoin hit a new all-time high, while government bond yields turned back up. Here’s how that has affected the charts that matter most to the global e…
23 Oct 2021
Green finance is set to be the most powerful financial repression tool yet

Green finance is set to be the most powerful financial repression tool yet

The government has launched its “green savings bond” that offers investors just 0.65%. But that pitiful return is in many ways the point of “green” fi…
22 Oct 2021
Equities are not a good inflation hedge

Equities are not a good inflation hedge

Institutional investors are definitely now worried about inflation. But they're not yet worried enough to flee to cash, says John Stepek
22 Oct 2021
Why fed-up workers are quitting their jobs

Why fed-up workers are quitting their jobs

Workers are leaving their jobs at an astonishing rate, especially in the US, leading to a shortage of workers. What will that mean for our economies? …
22 Oct 2021

Most Popular

Properties for sale for around £1m
Houses for sale

Properties for sale for around £1m

From a stone-built farmhouse in the Snowdonia National Park, to a Victorian terraced house close to London’s Regent’s Canal, eight of the best propert…
15 Oct 2021
How to invest as we move to a hydrogen economy

How to invest as we move to a hydrogen economy

The government has started to roll out its plans for switching us over from fossil fuels to hydrogen and renewable energy. Should investors buy in? St…
8 Oct 2021
Emerging markets: the Brics never lived up to their promise – but is now the time to buy?
Emerging markets

Emerging markets: the Brics never lived up to their promise – but is now the time to buy?

Twenty years ago hopes were high for Brazil, Russia, India and China – the “Brics” emerging-market economies. But only China has beaten expectations. …
18 Oct 2021