A guide with personality
Investing Demystified: How to Invest Without Speculation and Sleepless Nights
By Lars Kroijer
If you want an introduction to investing with both substance and personality, then Investing Demystified: How to Invest Without Speculation and Sleepless Nights might be the book for you. Although the book is written by Lars Kroijer, a former hedge-fund manager who clearly believes that skilled investors can beat the market, it does not recommend complex investments for regular investors. Instead, he advocates a sensible approach based around simplicity, diversification and low cost.
You’ll find the same points in plenty of guides to investing for beginners (such as Andrew Hallam’s book, below), but Kroijer also spends time discussing “black swan” events, such as a repeat of the 2008 financial crisis. He also talks about what the financial services industry could do to make investing even more straightforward for investors. While both sections could have been longer, the fact that they are in the book at all makes it stand out from the crowd.
Advanced but accessible
A Random Walk Down Wall Street: The Time-Tested Strategy for Successful Investing
By Burton G Malkiel
WW Norton and Company, £12.99
For an alternative with a bit more theory, try A Random Walk Down Wall Street by Burton Malkiel, which is now in its 11th edition. As the name suggests, this book argues that markets are unbeatable and that you should focus on diversification and passive investing. We wouldn’t necessarily agree with that, but Malkiel writes persuasively, making investment theory accessible for the average reader.
One of the things we like is that Malkiel is honest enough to present evidence that suggests markets get it wrong sometimes. Indeed, a lot of the book is devoted to some of the biggest financial bubbles. He also concedes that buying shares of firms with low price/earnings (p/e) ratios seems to produce stronger returns. Malkiel then looks at how psychology can skew markets. The only negative, apart from the overall conclusion, is that the advice about specific products is geared to readers in the US.
Smarter Investing: Simpler Decisions for Better Results
By Tim Hale
FT Publishing, £24.99
Smarter Investing: Simpler Decisions for Better Results by Tim Hale also recommends a strategy based around passive investing. However, unlike the previous books, Hale’s focus is on reducing risk, rather than necessarily getting the best return. A large portion of the book is devoted to bonds and other assets, such as real-estate investment trusts, that can help diversify your portfolio. To back up his arguments he provides a huge amount of historical data, including the simulated risk and return for each of his six suggested portfolios.
Hale’s book is certainly comprehensive and, unlike many books of this type, it has the advantage of being UK-focused. He also provides a large amount of detail. Some people may find the book a little too detailed in fact, and his writing style too dry. However, his list of 20 investment-related tips will be extremely useful for those who have a limited amount of time and want to absorb key lessons quickly. He also includes a useful appendix at the end about how to set realistic financial goals that will enable the reader to retire comfortably.
An introduction for non-investors
Millionaire Teacher: The Nine Rules of Wealth You Should Have Learned in School
By Andrew Hallam
Published by John Wiley and Sons (£11.99)
Many people don’t have the time or enthusiasm to try to master investing and just want a simple guide that tells them what to do and what to avoid. Millionaire Teacher: The Nine Rules of Wealth You Should Have Learned in School by Andrew Hallam fills this role. Hallam’s basic philosophy is that it’s possible to accumulate a large amount of wealth, even if you work in a career where you don’t earn a high salary, such as teaching. All you have to do is to cut down on spending, follow a simple investment strategy based on indexed stock and bond funds, and avoid tempting “get rich quick” schemes. You may not want to go to the lengths that Hallam did – he saved money by “flat sitting” in unheated apartments and cycling 35 miles to school during the Canadian winter (even he calls the latter decision “boneheaded”). We think he takes scepticism of all active management a bit too far, essentially calling anyone who thinks that they can beat the market liars. However, if you have a very limited amount of time or enthusiasm for managing your finances, his approach might be worth considering. Overall, it’s a useful motivational tool to get your financial house in order.