Shares in focus: Should you take a trip with Thomas Cook?

Package-holiday provider Thomas Cook has done a good job of turning itself around. So, is it time to get back on board? Phil Oakley investigates.

The journey will be full of risks, but the tickets are too cheap to turn down, says Phil Oakley.

The fortunes of package-holiday providers like Thomas Cook have frequently been somewhat of a roller-coaster ride.

In the past, the main problem has been making sure there have been enough holidays for sale to make a decent profit but not too many holidays so that prices have to be slashed to fill otherwise empty hotel rooms and aeroplane seats.

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This means that the profits of tour operators have tended to bounce around a lot up one year and down the next.

The problem of balancing supply and demand for holidays has not gone away. What's wreaked havoc with the package-holiday business model though is the growth of the internet and budget airlines. This has led many people to book their own flights and hotels rather than paying a middleman to do it.

There are still plenty of people that like someone else to sort everything out for them. However, to survive and thrive in this market, holiday providers have to be smart and offer something a little bit different, apart from having the clout to buy lots of cheap flights and hotel rooms.

A couple of years ago, it seemed that Thomas Cook was struggling to get the balance of its business right. A turnaround plan has put it back on the right track, but are its shares worth buying or should you give them a wide berth?

The outlook

Thomas Cook has always had plenty of customers over 20 million last year. This gives it around £9bn of sales a year, but not enough profit to pay shareholders a dividend at the moment. This was the problem that chief executive Harriet Green identified when she took over as boss in July 2012.

There were many reasons for this, but the most important was the company was too complicated. It had too many brands, too many websites and too much debt. Green set about doing something to resolve these issues.

Two years into a business transformation plan, things are looking a lot better. Profits are higher and debt has come down, after shareholders stumped up more cash last year. Yet the stockmarket seems lukewarm towards the company's shares right now.

It is worried about too much capacity in European airlines which pushes down prices for Thomas Cook's own airline business.

Investors are also concerned that German consumers a key market for the company are feeling a bit gloomy about the world and booking fewer holidays than they might otherwise do.

Travel businesses will always be subject to this kind of short-term sentiment, but I can't help thinking that investors are a bit too downbeat. The shares are close to their 52-week low and are ignoring the possibility that Thomas Cook's profits could be a lot higher in a few years' time.

A combination of cost cutting such as shutting high street travel agents and selling better products is on course to deliver a cumulative £460m of profit improvements by next year. Thecompany is very excited about the potential of its portfolio of exclusive hotels, which is expected to grow from just over 300 in 2013 to more than 800 by 2017.

By offering something that sets itself apart from the run of the mill package holiday, the company can charge higher prices and boost its profits margins. The same goes for its focus on the city-breaks market.

There's also more to come from selling more holidays on the internet. This accounts for just over a third of Thomas Cook's sales at the moment the company is targeting 50% which should help to lower costs and boost profits.

Then there's the second half of Thomas Cook's business-transformation plan, which could boost profits by at least another £400m between 2015 and 2018. Admittedly this plan will cost a bit of money to put into action, but the payoff could be well worth it. (We'll learn more about what this plan will actually involve in a few weeks.)

Should you buy the shares

The key question here is what proportion of these cost savings and product improvements will end up in investors' pockets. If you are pessimistic, you could argue that Thomas Cook might need most of these savings to offset headwinds elsewhere.

That said, City analysts seem to think that profits will keep on growing strongly for a while. Trading profits are forecast to be £315m-£335m this year compared with £263m last year. By 2016 they are expected to be £475m. A focus on generating more cash flow could see the company debt free by then too.

Of course a business like this comes with lots of risks. Consumers need to be confident in their finances to spend money on holidays and don't want the worry of wars and conflicts in certain parts of the world. Oil prices can be volatile and a big issue when you fly lots of your own planes. There are also lots of exchange-rate risks to be managed.

Analysts' forecasts are often wrong. But even if profits don't grow at all, I think Thomas Cook shares look very cheap. On my favourite measure of EBIT/EV,they offer a return of 15.2% on 2014 forecast profits and net debt of around £350m. This rises to 27.6% if the company is debt free by 2016. That looks quite tempting, despite the risks.

Verdict: buy

Thomas Cook (LON: TCG)



Buy: 17

Hold: 7

Sell: 2

Target price: 200p

Directors' shareholdings

H Green (CEO): 732,700

M Healy (CFO): 43,701

F Meysman (Chair): 302,000

Phil spent 13 years as an investment analyst for both stockbroking and fund management companies.


After graduating with a MSc in International Banking, Economics & Finance from Liverpool Business School in 1996, Phil went to work for BWD Rensburg, a Liverpool based investment manager. In 2001, he joined ABN AMRO as a transport analyst. After a brief spell as a food retail analyst, he spent five years with ABN's very successful UK Smaller Companies team where he covered engineering, transport and support services stocks.


In 2007, Phil joined Halbis Capital Management as a European equities analyst. He began writing for MoneyWeek in 2010.