The smaller end of the stock market is stuffed with companies that make no money today, but have the potential to make lots of it at some time in the future if something good happens. Quite often, though, the profits never arrive and investors lose all their money.
These types of companies and their shares are very high risk. Normally, I wouldn't go near them, but as long as you are not investing your life savings, they can be a lot of fun.
However, shares in Nasdaq-listed stock have piqued my interest due to the fact that successful London-based hedge-fund manager Crispin Odey has just revealed that he owns 10.7% of the company. So what does he see in the stock?
Subscribe to MoneyWeek
Subscribe to MoneyWeek today and get your first six magazine issues absolutely FREE
Cadiz (Nasdaq: CDZI)owns 45,000 acres of land in San Bernardino county in California. About 10,000 acres is allocated to farming, where it grows crops such as lemons, grapes and seasonal vegetables.
But it's the other 35,000 acres wherethe potential for Cadiz shares lies.California is short of water and prices have been rising strongly. Underneath Cadiz's land are billions of gallons of water from aquifers that are topped up every year with rain and melting snow.
In order to exploit these, it plans to build a 43-mile pipeline and use an old 96-mile gas pipeline to connect its supplies to the Californian water grid.
If it gets planning permission to do this which will hopefully be settled in the next year then Cadiz could be awarded a 50-year contract to supply water into California with annual price increases of 5%.
That is higher than Cadiz's current stock exchangevalue at $8.28 per share of$233m ($133m market value, plus $100mof debt). And there could be extra valueto come on top of the potential supplycontract, from storing water and fromsurplus land and properties.
But the fact that the project has not beengiven the go-ahead yet makes Cadizshares risky. What's more, if approvalis granted, the firm might need to raisemore cash to build it, potentially dilutingexisting shareholders.
Cadiz also has $100m of debt, of which$54m can be converted into sharesat a price of just over $8. This has thepotential to increase the shares in issueby nearly 60%. That said, even allowingfor all these extra shares, it looks like theshare price could double from here if theproject comes off.
Verdict: a speculative punt
Phil spent 13 years as an investment analyst for both stockbroking and fund management companies.
After graduating with a MSc in International Banking, Economics & Finance from Liverpool Business School in 1996, Phil went to work for BWD Rensburg, a Liverpool based investment manager. In 2001, he joined ABN AMRO as a transport analyst. After a brief spell as a food retail analyst, he spent five years with ABN's very successful UK Smaller Companies team where he covered engineering, transport and support services stocks.
In 2007, Phil joined Halbis Capital Management as a European equities analyst. He began writing for Moneyweek in 2010.
Follow Phil on Google+.
Savers will benefit from Plum’s 4.94% money market account
Savers will benefit from Plum's 4.94% product that relies on money market funds that closely track the Bank of England’s base rate. We explain why this could be good news for savers.
By Rupert Hargreaves Published
Revealed: Best funds for DIY investors
Wondering where to put your money? With thousands of investment options, which funds, ETFs, trusts are the best? Bestinvest has just released it’s best funds list - we have all the details to help you strengthen your portfolio
By Kalpana Fitzpatrick Published