January has been a very long month. We have witnessed a massive about-turn in the equity markets. It’s hard to believe that it was only one month ago that the Dow was making its all-time high at 16,600. At that time, it seemed like all the bears had disappeared.
Yes, bullish sentiment was way off the scale at the end of 2013. And most pundits were calling for a more-of-the-same year. But I wasn’t.
What a difference a month makes. As I wrote on Monday, fear is now stalking stocks. In 2013, it was greed. But that’s really just an extreme version of hope. The 31 December close marked the all-time high. Since then, the Dow has lost 900 pips to last Wednesday’s low.
We are reading all sorts of ‘reasons’ for the decline, from the emerging-market currency routs to the Fed tapering. And it’s all very entertaining. But the root cause for the about-turn is the sudden contraction of credit brought about by the reversal of social mood.
The US Fed is leading the charge with its on-going reduction in bond purchases, aka tightening. Junk bond-yield spreads are already widening as credit tightens.
I’m happy to let others fight over what the news means. To me, it’s already ancient history. I’m a trader and not overly concerned with the ‘explanations’. I believe they have already been priced in.
So, my job is to find the path of least resistance, because that’s when I can take profits out of the market.
Will there be a relief rally?
I have shown in my posts how I used my simple trading methods to get on board the decline early. But with the market having fallen sharply, can I expect a relief rally soon? After all, markets do not decline in a straight line. And the majority of ‘buy-the-dippers’ will be still clinging to their old habits and trying to help the market rally.
This is where the Elliott-wave model can be deployed to give clues.
This is the hourly chart showing the entire decline off the 31 December top. I want to focus on the large wave 2 high made on Tuesday 21 January. If my large labels are correct, the decline off this wave 2 high will be a large wave 3. And as we know, third waves are usually long and strong.
The sudden drop off this wave 2 high was the first clue that we are likely in a third wave down. The subsequent cascade decline certainly confirmed this view. But where will we likely see a turn back up?
Panic selling often leads to overshoots
If I can identify a complete five-wave impulsive pattern down, I can infer an A-B-C counter-trend rally. And that is exactly what the chart shows. My red wave 3 contains a very pretty five sub-waves down, and I have a positive-momentum divergence at the wave 5 low.
Now I can expect an A-B-C rally. That is one possible scenario.
The market has already made a small move up off the wave 5 low, which could be part of my A wave. So now I can apply my Fibonacci levels to give me an idea for the likely wave pattern:
The entire move down off the wave 2 high is beautifully contained within the trading channel between my tramlines. The upper line has four accurate touch points and the lower line sports those lovely PPPs (prior pivot points).
The touch points on the lower line are not accurate. But that’s OK because they appear at the end of an especially fierce period of panic selling. I often see similar overshoots under these conditions.
I have labelled the first move up as wave A and the current dip as wave B. Under this scenario the market should rally in a wave C – and this rally would carry the market above my upper tramline in a tramline break. This would be a very significant event.
If this occurs, there is a possibility that the C wave could carry further than most expect. After all, I have noted previously that the Dow is notorious for deep upward retracements. Hmm.
The bigger picture
At this stage, I like to refer to the bigger picture, and here it is:
This is the daily chart showing my medium-term tramlines with the market having declined to the area of the lowest line. Since this line represents support, it is no surprise that the market has been testing this area.
But the momentum reading is indicating an oversold condition. And when momentum reached this level on the past two occasions, vigorous rallies ensued.
The alternative scenario – still very much on the table – is for a continuation of the decline away from the lowest tramline. This would mean that the five-wave pattern on the hourly chart had not yet completed and a new wave 5 was being put in place.
The key area to watch is the upper tramline shown on my second chart. I’ll be watching for signs of an A-B-C, which would likely be confirmed by a tramline break.
How far will the fifth wave carry?
This dilemma brings up a common difficulty when trading on the right hand side of the chart (as opposed to hindsight). Just how far will the fifth wave carry? I have known some fifth waves stretching on seemingly forever – much farther than I would expect.
One other area to watch is this support area:
The pink zone is the area of support from the September high, the December low, the Fibonacci 50% retrace and the lowest tramline. This is a very powerful support area. And if it gives way in a fifth wave extension, the die will be cast.
Because this is a solid support area, a great short-term profit of over 600 pips on my short trade is available.
If you’re a new reader, or need a reminder about some of the methods I refer to in my trades, then do have a look at my introductory videos:• The essentials of tramline trading
• Advanced tramline trading
• An introduction to Elliott wave theory
• Advanced trading with Elliott waves
• Trading with Fibonacci levels
• Trading with 'momentum'
• Putting it all together