"Desperate to save face," President Trump "cooked up" a declaration of national emergency last Friday, which he claims gives him the power to win funds for building 230 miles of border wall, says The New York Times. Trump's plan is to use the pretext of an emergency at the Mexico border to seize $2.5bn from the military's drug interdiction programme, $3.6bn from military construction and $600m from the Treasury Department's drug forfeiture fund. In doing this, the administration "is thumbing its nose at Congress, the Constitution and the will of the American people, the majority of whom oppose a border wall".
Trump isn't the first US president to declare an emergency, as most presidents "have sought ways around the powerful gatekeeping role of Congress", says David Charter in The Times. President Ronald Reagan, for example, infamously tried to bypass Congress to fund the Contra rebels in Nicaragua; President Harry Truman temporarily nationalised steel mills in 1952 to ensure production for the Korean War.
But Reagan's attempt was considered illegal and the Supreme Court struck down Truman's gambit. In any case, "no US leader has ever tried to use the act to seize the resources he wants for a domestic project after failing to convince Congress to vote for it".
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Legal challenges could scupper Trump's plan
Opponents of the move are likely to follow a "two-pronged" strategy getting Congress to vote to reject it in the coming weeks and suing Trump (or at least aiding other parties that attempt to intervene).
Don't count onthe judges, saysCass Sunstein on Bloomberg. Even if Trump's own statements and actions contradict the need for his action, the courts "are not likely to rule that Trump's declaration of a national emergency is itself unlawful". The legality of it "will probably turn on highly technical provisions involving the use of funds for military construction projects". We must distinguish between an action that is, "in some technical sense, unlawful", says Sunstein, and one that is "in some fundamental sense illegitimate in a democratic society". While the declaration is clearly illegitimate, it's not necessarily unlawful.
A "springboard" into 2020
Matthew graduated from the University of Durham in 2004; he then gained an MSc, followed by a PhD at the London School of Economics.
He has previously written for a wide range of publications, including the Guardian and the Economist, and also helped to run a newsletter on terrorism. He has spent time at Lehman Brothers, Citigroup and the consultancy Lombard Street Research.
Matthew is the author of Superinvestors: Lessons from the greatest investors in history, published by Harriman House, which has been translated into several languages. His second book, Investing Explained: The Accessible Guide to Building an Investment Portfolio, is published by Kogan Page.
As senior writer, he writes the shares and politics & economics pages, as well as weekly Blowing It and Great Frauds in History columns He also writes a fortnightly reviews page and trading tips, as well as regular cover stories and multi-page investment focus features.
Follow Matthew on Twitter: @DrMatthewPartri
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