Better late than never. Early this week, the FTSE 100 index finally closed above the 6,930 mark it first hit in December 1999. Germany's Dax and America's S&P 500 indices have been in record territory for a few years now. So why have UK blue chips only just limped back to their all-time high and what comes next?
Firstly, despite the apparently weak performance, some investors who rushed into British stocks in late 1999 will still have done well. The FTSE 100, like most indices, simply measures price levels, not dividend payouts. The FTSE 100 Total Return index, which takes income and capital gains into account, is 66% ahead of its December 1999 level a reminder of how important it is to reinvest your dividends.
But as far as the index itself goes, sliding commodity prices have been a major drag in recent years. Oil and mining companies comprise 25% of the index, compared to less than 10% in most developed equity markets. With China's government still trying to deflate its credit bubble, demand for raw materials will remain tepid. So while the worst of the downswing may be over, a rapid rebound is not on the cards.
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That said, in recent months sterling has weakened again, notably against the dollar, which bodes well for dividends. Companies reporting in dollars pay 40% of UK dividends, as Capita, Britain's top share registrar, points out. This should offset the impact of lower earnings at the oil majors.
But while one headwind has faded, another could strengthen as the general election in May draws nearer. Although a hung parliament is supposedly priced in, "the reality of what such a situation might mean is arguably not", says James Quinn in The Daily Telegraph.
A Labour-led coalition on the one hand, and an "in/out" EU referendum under a Tory-led grouping on the other, are both potentially damaging for listed firms.
As for valuations, the FTSE 100's price/earnings ratio is 16, a far cry from almost 30 in late 1999. But it's still not wildly compelling it's a smidge above the long-term average of 15. The upshot is that the FTSE 100 looks set to keep lagging.
Andrew is the editor of MoneyWeek magazine. He grew up in Vienna and studied at the University of St Andrews, where he gained a first-class MA in geography & international relations.
After graduating he began to contribute to the foreign page of The Week and soon afterwards joined MoneyWeek at its inception in October 2000. He helped Merryn Somerset Webb establish it as Britain’s best-selling financial magazine, contributing to every section of the publication and specialising in macroeconomics and stockmarkets, before going part-time.
His freelance projects have included a 2009 relaunch of The Pharma Letter, where he covered corporate news and political developments in the German pharmaceuticals market for two years, and a multiyear stint as deputy editor of the Barclays account at Redwood, a marketing agency.
Andrew has been editing MoneyWeek since 2018, and continues to specialise in investment and news in German-speaking countries owing to his fluent command of the language.
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