This day in history

January
1 9 17 25
  1799: Income tax introduced to Britain   1947: The world's first video game is patented
       
2 10 18 26
1980: National steelworkers' strike   1919: Bentley Motors is formed 1905: The world's largest diamond, the Cullinan, is discovered
      1808: Australia's Rum Rebellion
3 11 19 27
  1569: England holds its first lottery draw 1978: Production of the VW Beetle ends in Germany 1606: The trial of Guy Fawkes begins
    1986: First PC virus infection 1969: Students set up the LSE-in-exile
4 12 20 28
1698: The Palace of Whitehall is destroyed by fire 1895: The National Trust is founded 1265: England's first parliament is held at Westminster 1958: The Lego brick is patented
  1948: Britain's first supermarket opens 1841: Britain takes possession of Hong Kong 1896: The world's first speeding ticket
5 13 21 29
1971: The first one-day international cricket match 1908: Henri Farman wins the Deutsch-Archdeacon Prize 1971: Emley Moor Mast, Britain’s tallest ‘building’, opens 1820: King George III dies
1766: Christie's first auction 1942: Henry Ford patents his plastic car 1976: Concorde's first commercial flight 1886: Karl Benz patents the motor car
6 14 22 30
1639: Virginia orders the destruction of its tobacco crop 2005: Huygens probe lands on Saturn's moon, Titan 1924: Ramsay MacDonald becomes prime minister 1933: Adolf Hitler takes power
1873: Crédit Mobilier of America scandal investigated 2002: Britain's foot-and-mouth disease epidemic ends 1979: Public sector strike cripples Britain  
7 15 23 31
1782: America's first central bank opens for business 1759: British Museum opens 1967: Milton Keynes founded  
1785: First crossing of the English Channel by air 1892: The rules of basketball are published    
8 16 24  
1940: Food rationing is introduced in Britain 1991: Operation Desert Storm begins    
1835: US national debt hits $0      
February
1 9 17 25
1884: The first volume of the Oxford English Dictionary is published 1995: Michael Foale becomes the first Briton to walk in space 1958: CND – the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament – is launched 1843: Hawaii occupied during the Paulet Affair
  1979: Britain's first £1m footballer 2003: London introduces the Congestion Charge 1986: 'People Power' topples Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos
2 10 18 26
1901: Queen Victoria's funeral procession 1906: HMS Dreadnought is launched 1954: The Church of Scientology is incorporated 1993: World Trade Center bombing
1709: Alexander Selkirk is rescued 1355: The St Scholastica's Day riots 1911: First official airmail flight 1995: 'Rogue trader' Nick Leeson breaks Barings Bank
3 11 19 27
1690: America's first paper money is issued 1990: Nelson Mandela is released from prison 1861: Russia emancipates 23 million serfs 1900: The launch of the Labour Party
1960: Macmillan’s ‘wind of change’ speech 1826: England gets its third university 1674: Treaty of Westminster gives New Amsterdam to England  
4 12 20 28
1194: Richard the Lionheart is ransomed 1994: Edvard Munch's The Scream is stolen 1792: First US postal service begins  
818: Sir Walter Scott finds the Honours of Scotland 1851: The Australian gold rush    
5 13 21 29
1963: Europe toughens its tariff laws 1914: American artists get organised with ASCAP   1504: Lunar eclipse saves Christopher Columbus's bacon
1869: World's biggest gold nugget is found      
6 14 22  
1918: (Some) British women get the vote   1974: Patty Hearst ransom food riots  
       
7 15 23  
  1971: Decimal Day – Britain adopts decimal currency 1820: The Cato Street Conspiracy unravels  
    1963: The case of the electrified Land Rover  
8 16 24  
1971: Nasdaq begins trading 1659: The first British cheque is issued 1981: Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer announce their engagement  
  1957: The ‘Toddlers’ Truce’ comes to an end 1809: Drury Lane theatre burns down  
March
1 9 17 25
1947: The International Monetary Fund goes to work 1776: Adam Smith publishes 'The Wealth of Nations' 1921: The first family planning clinic opens 1584: Sir Walter Raleigh receives a patent to colonise America
  1959: Barbie is unveiled to the American public    
2 10 18 26
1882: Queen Victoria survives seventh assassination attempt 2000: The dotcom bubble peaks 1834: Tolpuddle Martyrs sentenced to transportation 1885: Britain's first legal cremation
1797: The Bank of England prints its first pound note 1801: Britain conducts its first census    
3 11 19 27
1962: British Antarctic Territory is created 1702: The world's first daily newspaper published 1649: The House of Lords is abolished 1963: Beeching recommends cuts to Britain's railways
1938: Saudi Arabia strikes oil      
4 12 20 28
1519: Hernan Cortes arrives in Mexico 1994: The Church of England ordains its first women priests 1602: Dutch East India Company formed  
1890: The Forth Bridge is opened      
5 13 21 29
1984: The miners' strike begins 1991: Exxon fined $1bn for oil spill    
       
6 14 22 30
1899: Aspirin trademarked     1867: Russia sells Alaska to the United States
       
7 15 23 31
1969: Queen Elizabeth II officially opens the Victoria Line   1983: Reagan launches ‘Star Wars’ 1990: Central London trashed in anti-poll tax riots
       
8 16 24  
1817: The New York Stock Exchange is formed 1872: Wanderers win the first FA Cup final 1603: The union of the Scottish and English crowns  
       
April
1 9 17 25
1999: The minimum wage is introduced in Britain 1838: National Gallery opens in Trafalgar Square 1961: Bay of Pigs invasion begins  
       
2 10 18 26
1982: Argentina invades the Falkland Islands 1912: The Titanic sets sail on its doomed maiden voyage    
       
3 11 19 27
1948: Marshall Plan signed into law     2005: Airbus A380 'superjumbo' makes its first flight
       
4 12 20 28
    1968: Enoch Powell makes his ‘Rivers of Blood’ speech 1789: Fletcher Christian leads the mutiny on the Bounty
       
5 13 21 29
  1960: The first satellite navigation system is launched 1967: Greek colonels seize power in military coup 1909: David Lloyd George introduces the People's Budget
       
6 14 22 30
  1931: The first edition of the Highway Code is published 1500: Pedro Álvares Cabral discovers Brazil 1975: The fall of Saigon
       
7 15 23  
1999: The WTO rules in favour of the US in the Banana Wars 1755: Samuel Johnson publishes his Dictionary 1564 & 1616: William Shakespeare is born – and dies  
       
8 16 24  
1918: Charlie Chaplin sells Liberty Loans 1797: Royal Navy sailors stage the Spithead mutiny 1915: The Armenian genocide  
       
May
1 9 17 25
1707: The Acts of Union come into effect 1950: The Schuman declaration    
       
2 10 18 26
    1912: The birth of Bollywood with the release of India's first film 1885: Charles Dow launches the Dow Jones Industrial Average
       
3 11 19 27
  1812: Britain's prime minister, Spencer Perceval, is assassinated 1649: The English republic is proclaimed 1895: Birt Acres patents the Kineopticon
       
4 12 20 28
1780: The Derby is run for the first time 1926: Britain's only general strike ends 1875: Jacob Davis & Levi Strauss granted a patent for riveted jeans 1937: The Volkswagen car company is formed
       
5 13 21 29
1977: David Frost's 'Nixon Interviews' are broadcast 1787: Australia’s ‘First Fleet’ sails from Portsmouth 1916: The first day of British Summer Time 1660: Charles II restored to the throne
       
6 14 22 30
1840: The launch of the Penny Black stamp 796: Edward Jenner performs his first vaccination 1980: Pac-Man hits the arcades  
       
7 15 23 31
1946: Tech giant Sony is founded 1940: McDonald's first restaurant opens 1934: Bonnie & Clyde killed in ambush  
       
8 16 24  
1984: The Queen opens the Thames Barrier 1960: The first working optical laser    
       
June
1 9 17 25
1774: Britain closes the US Port of Boston 1873: Alexandra Palace burns down 1971: USA declares ‘War on Drugs’ 1811: The Throckmorton coat challenge
       
2 10 18 26
1953: Queen Elizabeth II is crowned before an audience of millions 1829: The first Oxford and Cambridge boat race 1982: God's banker, Roberto Calvi, is found dead beneath Blackfriars Bridge 1906: The first Grand Prix
       
3 11 19 27
1956: Third-class rail travel ends in Britain 1959: The hovercraft makes its debut on the Solent 1970: Ted Heath's unexpected election victory  
       
4 12 20 28
1926: Samuel Ryder's first US v GB golf match 1964: Nelson Mandela sentenced to life in prison 1840: Patent granted for Morse code  
       
5 13 21 29
1933: The US dollar is unshackled from gold 1381: The Peasants' Revolt   2007: Apple's iPhone goes on sale for the first time
       
6 14 22 30
1984: Tetris is launched   1948: The Empire Windrush arrives 1937: The 999 emergency services line opens
       
7 15 23  
1753: The British Museum is established by Act of Parliament 1215: Magna Carta is sealed, curtailing the power of the king 1725: The Malt Tax riots break out across Scotland  
       
8 16 24  
1607: The Newton rebellion against enclosure of common land 1824: The world's oldest animal charity, the RSPCA, is founded 1916: Mary Pickford becomes Hollywood's first million-dollar actress  
       
July
1 9 17 25
1972: Britain's first Gay Pride march is held 1900: The Commonwealth of Australia is established 1955: Disneyland opens to invited guests 1959: First hovercraft crosses the English Channel
1874: The first commercial typewriter goes on sale 1877: start of the first Wimbledon tennis championships 1981: The Queen officially opens the Humber bridge  
2 10 18 26
1928: Women given equal voting rights with men 1940: The Vichy regime is established in France 64: Great Fire of Rome  
1897: Marconi is awarded a patent for radio 1946: Hungary suffers the world's worst hyperinflation    
3 11 19 27
1767: Pitcairn Island is discovered 1789: Louis XVI dismisses his finance minister   1694: The Bank of England is created by Royal Charter
1884: Dow Jones launches the world's first stock index      
4 12 20 28
1803: The Louisiana Purchase is announced   1837: Euston station opens, central London's first railway terminus 1948: The Battle of London Airport
1776: US colonists declare independence     1586: Britain is introduced to the potato
5 13 21 29
  1985: Live Aid stages the 'Greatest Rock Event Ever' 2007: The final Harry Potter book hits the shelves 1588: England defeats the Spanish Armada
    1969: The first human to walk on the moon 1948: Opening ceremony of the 1948 London Olympics
6 14 22 30
1907: Brooklands, the world's first motor racing circuit, stages its first race 1969: The Football War kicks off in Central America 1894: Paris to Rouen motor car competition 1997: Tony Blair throws his Cool Britannia party
  1791: The 'Priestley riots' sweep Britain   1935: Penguin sparks the ‘paperback revolution’
7 15 23 31
1928: Sliced bread goes on sale for the first time 2006: Twitter launched to the public 1952: European Coal and Steel Community is born 1970: The Royal Navy ends daily rum ration
  1799: discovery of the Rosetta Stone   1703: Daniel Defoe pilloried for seditious libel
8 16 24  
1947: Reports of ‘aliens’ captured at Roswell, New Mexico 1945: The Atomic Age begins 1967: De Gaulle speaks up for Quebec's independence  
1932: The Dow Jones Industrial Average hits rock bottom 1935: The world's first parking meter is installed 1959: Nixon's 'Kitchen Debate' with Khrushchev  
August
1 9 17 25
1981: MTV goes on air   1896: The motor car claims its first life 2012: Voyager 1 enters interstellar space
       
2 10 18 26
  1842: Mines Act bans women and children from working underground 1587: The first English person is born in the Americas 1970: The Isle of Wight holds the UK's biggest-ever music festival
    1920: Women guaranteed the vote in the USA 1768: Captain Cook sets sail on his first voyage of discovery
3 11 19 27
1792: Richard Arkwright, ‘Father of the Industrial Revolution’, dies 1968: The last steam passenger service in Britain 1612: The Lancashire witch trials 1995: Rugby Union turns professional
  1942: Screen goddess Hedy Lamarr invents Wi-Fi 1989: The Pan-European Picnic brings down the Iron Curtain 1859: The birth of America's oil industry
4 12 20 28
1916: The United States buys the Danish Virgin Islands 1851: Isaac Singer patents his sewing machine 1866: The American Civil War officially ends 1833: Slavery Abolition Act enacted
1704: Gibraltar is captured by the ‘Grand Alliance’ 1981: IBM launches the PC 1960: Russia’s ‘space dogs’ recovered alive 1837: Lea & Perrins begin making Worcestershire sauce
5 13 21 29
1976: Big Ben breaks down for the first time in 117 years 1915: The ‘Brides in the Bath’ murderer is hanged 1991: Coup to oust Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev fails 1842: The first Opium war ends
1858: The first transatlantic telegraph cable is completed 1521: The fall of the Aztec Empire 1911: The Mona Lisa is stolen from the Louvre  
6 14 22 30
1889: The Savoy hotel opens its doors 1980: Gdansk shipyard strike begins 1932: BBC starts early TV broadcasts  
1661: Treaty of The Hague cedes Dutch Brazil to Portugal 1893: World's first driving licences introduced    
7 15 23 31
1978: Love Canal declared a disaster 1971: Nixon ends gold convertibility    
1946: Turkish Straits crisis reaches its climax      
8 16 24  
1963: The Great Train Robbery took place   1947: The first Edinburgh Festival takes place  
       
September
1 9 17 25
1859: The ‘Carrington Event’, the biggest solar storm ever recorded 1513: James IV's invading Scots army defeated at the Battle of Flodden 2011: Occupy Wall Street protest begins 1996: The Taliban reach Kabul
1958: The first Cod War begins 1839: Sir John Herschel takes the first glass-plate photograph 1980: The birth of Solidarity 1237: The English-Scottish border is set in law
2 10 18 26
1945: Japan signs its unconditional surrender 1951: Britain boycotts Iran over the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company 1972: Ugandan refugees reach the UK 1984: Britain hands back Hong Kong
1666: The Great Fire of London starts on Pudding Lane 2008: The Large Hadron Collider is switched on for the first time 1838: The Anti-Corn Law Association is founded  
3 11 19 27
1843: Greeks revolt against their German king 1997: Scotland votes for devolution 1955: Military coup ousts Argentina's Perón  
1967: Sweden switches to driving on right-hand side of the road 1792: The French Blue diamond is stolen    
4 12 20 28
476: The fall of the Roman Empire 1683: The siege of Vienna is lifted   1894: Marks & Spencer opens its first 'Penny Bazaar'
1882: Edison lights up Wall Street      
5 13 21 29
1698: Peter the Great's beard tax   1915: Salisbury man buys Stonehenge for his wife 1923: Britain assumes its mandate of Palestine
      1829: London's bobbies pound the beat for the first time
6 14 22 30
  1752: Britain adopts the Gregorian calendar and 'loses' 11 days 1910: Brighton's Duke of York's Picturehouse opens 1965: Thunderbirds Are Go!
    1955: ITV's inaugural broadcast 1935: The Hoover Dam is dedicated
7 15 23  
1940: The Blitz begins 1964: The Sun newspaper is launched 1641: The Merchant Royal sinks with 1.5 million ounces of gold  
  2008: Lehman Brothers goes bust 1889: Nintendo starts making playing cards  
8 16 24  
1966: The Queen opens the Severn Bridge 1992: Black Wednesday sees sterling crash out of the ERM 1841: James Brooke becomes the Rajah of Sarawak  
1888: First Football League matches played 1920: The Wall Street bombing 1979: Compuserve launches MicroNET  
October
1 9 17 25
1953: Hugh Hefner founds Playboy magazine 1967: Che Guevara is executed in Bolivia 1973: Arab states declare oil embargo  
1908: The first Model T Ford is built 1799: HMS Lutine sinks with a fortune in bullion    
2 10 18 26
1950: Peanuts comic strip appears 1871: The Great Fire of Chicago   1863: The Football Association is founded
1850: The ‘snail telegraph’ experiment      
3 11 19 27
1872: Bloomingdale's first store opens   1960: US begins its trade embargo on Cuba 1662: England sells Dunkirk to France
      1986: The City's Big Bang
4 12 20 28
  1948: The first Morris Minor is produced 1973: The Queen opens the Sydney Opera House 1971: Britain's only independent satellite launch
    1935: Mao's Long March ends 1886: Wall Street's first ticker tape parade
5 13 21 29
1936: The Jarrow Crusade sets off for London 1958: Paddington Bear arrives in Britain 1805: The Battle of Trafalgar 2004: The ill-fated European Constitution is signed in Rome
  1884: Greenwich adopted as the prime meridian 1520: Magellan finds the path to the Pacific 1986: The M25 motorway is opened
6 14 22 30
1889: Le Moulin Rouge opens its doors 1878: The first football match played under floodlights 1907: JP Morgan rescues Wall Street 1947: The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade is established
1927: Premiere of The Jazz Singer 1947: Chuck Yeager breaks the sound barrier 1962: Start of the Cuban missile crisis  
7 15 23 31
1920: Oxford University allows women to graduate 1997: Britain's Thrust supersonic car breaks the sound barrier 1956: Hungarian Revolution starts 1956: Britain and France bomb Egypt
1571: The Battle of Lepanto halts Ottoman expansion 1987: The ‘Great Storm’ hits southern England 1814: Britain's first nose job is carried out  
8 16 24  
1908: The Wind in the Willows is first published 1995: The toll bridge to Skye opens 1929: The Wall Street Crash  
1965: The Post Office Tower opens 1834: Houses of Parliament burn down    
November
1 9 17 25
1975: Franco cedes power to Juan Carlos 1989: The fall of the Berlin Wall 1989: The Velvet Revolution begins in Czechoslovakia 1952: ‘The Mousetrap’ premieres in London
    1869: Opening of the Suez Canal 1947: The 'Hollywood Ten' are blacklisted
2 10 18 26
1960: Lady Chatterley's Lover deemed not obscene 1980: Michael Foot elected Labour leader 2002: UN weapons inspectors arrive in Iraq 1992: The Queen volunteers to pay income tax
  1908: First Gideon Bibles placed in hotel rooms 1963: The Dartford Tunnel opens 1703: The original ‘Great Storm’ sweeps across Britain
3 11 19 27
1898: The Fashoda Incident between Britain and France ends 1887: work begins on the Manchester Ship Canal 1967: Harold Wilson’s ‘pound in your pocket’ little white lie 1967: Charles de Gaulle vetoes Britain's entry to the EEC
1975: British North Sea oil begins to flow 1930: Einstein receives a patent for his fridge 1994: The first National Lottery draw 1924: Macy's first Thanksgiving Day parade
4 12 20 28
1839: The Newport Rising leaves 22 dead 1990: Tim Berners-Lee sets out to build the World Wide Web 1974: The US government launches an antitrust suit against AT&T 1660: The Royal Society is founded
1922: Discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb 1859: Jules Leotard's flying trapeze 1980: The Lake Peigneur disaster  
5 13 21 29
1925: Britain's real-life James Bond is killed 1947: Mikhail Kalashnikov's AK-47 makes its debut 1969: The first permanent Arpanet link  
1688: Dutch army deposes England's king in the 'Glorious Revolution' 1865: US issues its first gold certificates    
6 14 22 30
1928: Herbert Hoover elected US president 1995: US government shuts down   1999: BAE Systems formed in £7.7bn merger
1928: Jacob Schick patents the first electric razor      
7 15 23  
1917: The Russian Winter Palace falls   2006: Alexander Litvinenko dies in hospital  
       
8 16 24  
  1904: John Ambrose Fleming patents the oscillation valve 1859: Charles Darwin publishes ‘On the Origin of Species’  
    1972: The mysterious ‘DB Cooper’ hijacking  
December
1 9 17 25
1942: The Beveridge Report proposes a welfare state for Britain 1979: Smallpox virus eradicated 2003: The first powered flight of SpaceShipOne  
1990: Breakthrough in the Channel tunnel 1960: Coronation Street is first broadcast 1900: The Guzman Prize is announced  
2 10 18 26
1943: ‘Bevin Boys’ conscripted into the mines 1868: World's first traffic lights installed in Britain 1878: The end of the Molly Maguires 1982: Personal computer named 'Man of the Year'
2001: Enron files for bankruptcy 1968: The ‘300 million yen robbery’ 1912: Piltdown Man claimed as evolution’s ‘missing link’  
3 11 19 27
1984: BT is sold off in a gamble over privatisation 1978: Lufthansa heist nets $6m 1932: BBC World Service begins  
1992: The world's first text message is sent 2008: Bernie Madoff arrested for $50bn fraud    
4 12 20 28
1961: The Pill comes to Britain 1914: NYSE resumes stock trading    
       
5 13 21 29
1933: Prohibition ends in America   1844: The Rochdale Pioneers open for business  
       
6 14 22 30
1791: Britain's first Sunday paper is published 1896: The Glasgow Subway opens to passengers 1965: 70mph speed limit introduced 1922: The Soviet Union is born
    1973: Opec more than doubles the price of oil  
7 15 23 31
1732: First Covent Garden Theatre opens 1995: The “Bosman ruling” transforms the economics of football 1834: Joseph Hansom patents the Hansom cab  
  1970: Venera 7 probe lands on Venus 1913: The US Federal Reserve is created  
8 16 24  
1897: The Royal Automobile Club is founded 1689: Parliament passes the Bill of Rights 1951: Libya becomes independent  
1864: The Clifton Suspension Bridge opens 1773: The Boston Tea Party protest 1955: Norad begins tracking Santa