Richard Arkwright, barber turned textiles magnate, died on this day in 1792, having revolutionised the manufacture of cloth in England.
Articles written by Ben Judge
On this day in 1588 the English navy and a favourable wind defeated the Spanish Armada at the Battle of Gravelines, with the Spanish ships fleeing northwards.
In return for a loan of £1.2m to rebuild the country’s finances, King William III granted a Royal Charter to the Governor and Company of the Bank of England on this day in 1694.
After the death of Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping returned to power on this day in 1977 to lead China in to a new age of reform and prosperity.
On this day in 1837, the London and Birmingham Railway company opened Euston station, its grand new terminus in central London.
Twitter went public with its 140-character ‘social messaging’ service on this day in 2006. It now boasts over a billion users.
The Live Aid concert brought together the biggest stars in rock on this day in 1985, to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia.
On this day in 1947, the Roswell Daily Record reported that the US Army had captured a flying saucer on a ranch in New Mexico.
Brooklands, the world’s first motor racing circuit, built on the Weybridge estate of Hugh Fortescue Locke King, held its first race meeting on this day in 1907.
One of the remotest places on earth, Pitcairn Island was spotted on this day in 1767 by 15-year old midshipman Robert Pitcairn, serving on HMS Swallow.